Based on a prospective cohort design, they suggested lower graphomotor
ability (a composite score based on Design Copying and Visuo-Motor Precision subtests of the NEPSY battery) in 3- to 7-year-old children of women occupationally exposed to organic solvents (n = 33), compared with children of unexposed women (n = 27).
Similarly, Peverly and colleagues (2007; 2014) did not report a correlation between notes quality and fine graphomotor
skills measured with two relatively easy tasks.
The Impact of Vascular Risk and Depression on Executive Planning and Production During Graphomotor
Output Across the Lifespan.
A short-term graphomotor
program for improving writing readiness skills of first grade students.
In DA, errors appeared only when writing to dictation but not when copying, suggesting that interruption of transcallosal interhemispheric communication interfered with the transfer of left hemisphere auditory-verbal information required for guiding the left hand in performing the movements necessary to execute graphomotor
patterns and controlled by right frontal areas.
Facilitating alphabet knowledge in preschool through training in coding, graphomotor
Specific challenges identified in the literature include time management and changing schedules, social relationships, social skills, living arrangements, executive functioning skills, organization, graphomotor
difficulties, anxiety, and sensory integration dysfunction.
Interaction of attention and graphomotor
functions in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Charlotte Danielson's much beloved observation protocols, for instance, depend on continuous note taking--not a simple task for supervisors who might struggle with graphomotor
skills or active working memory.
These delays often will be observed during infancy and the preschool period and then ignored when the child reaches school age although there often are persistent effects on graphomotor
skills (e.g., handwriting) (see figure) and an association with academic problems in certain areas (e.g., math skills).
The field of graphonomics provides technology for quantifying handwriting (graphomotor
Brain dopamine and kinematics of graphomotor