The assessment of tactile number recognition (graphesthesia
) was completely preserved (10/10), and mildly reduced for graphemes (8/10).
After the observation of improvements in basic skin sensation, we evaluated graphesthesia
. The patient initially demonstrated agraphesthesia but showed improvement after the recovery of 2-point discrimination.
The tests of tactile-kinesthetic perception, Graphesthesia
and Manual Form Perception, assess proprioception and kinesthesia and higher-level skills, such as tactile-kinesthetic memory, tactile-kinesthetic discrimination, stereognosis, and tactile-kinesthetic processing speed.
Our results are in line with those by Guz and Aygun (24) who investigated the relationship of NSS between patients with OCD and the control group using the Physical And Neurological Examination for Soft Signs (PANESS) scale (31) and found that there were no significant differences between the patient and control groups in NSS except for graphesthesia
, 2-point discrimination, and total PANESS scores.
(2,48,57) At the Mobility Clinic, we also consider testing the cranial nerves, gross vision, cerebellar testing (Romberg, finger-to-nose, heelto-shin, and hand flip), proprioception, monofilament, graphesthesia
, and stereognosis.
Constructional praxis was distorted by parietal type; dynamic dyspraxia was evidenced to the left as well as graphesthesia
contralaterally (Table 1).
-- Impaired graphesthesia, a prevalent finding among patients with mild cognitive impairment, may be an early sign when considered with memory loss that a patient has preclinical Alzheimer's disease, according to a study.
Some physicians screen MCI patients with a graphesthesia test, Edward Zamrini, M.D., said in an interview.
Some neurologists screen MCI patients with a graphesthesia
test, Edward Zamrini, M.D., said in an interview.
The differential diagnosis for impaired graphesthesia
should include stroke and severe sensory loss, Dr.
This factor was defined by tests of Finger Tapping (identify which finger, out of the participant's field of vision, was tapped), Stereognosis (recognition of an object derived through touch), and Graphesthesia
(the ability to recognize characters drawn on the skin).
Sensory integration was assessed via extinction, finger agnosia, stereognosis, graphesthesia
, and left-right orientation.