Furthermore, significant leucocytosis and granulocytosis
due to neutrophilia with a regenerative left shift, also proved indicators of the inflammatory responses immediately incited by the hydronephrotic kidney subsequent to the renal insult; whereas, moderate lymphocytosis in the initial stages, was attributed to increased lymphopoeisis subsequent to chronic antigenic or cytokine stimulation; additionally, a significantly severe thrombocytopenia observed on Day 11 was found to coincide well with the clinical evidence of a prolonged bleeding tendency after venipuncture (Stockham and Scott, 2008).
Leukocytosis and granulocytosis were observed in 66.2% and 80% of patients, respectively.
Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of leukocytosis, granulocytosis, urinalysis, and abdominal X-ray, US and serum amylase level are summarized in table 3.
Stress-induced corticosteroids inhibit immune function further by also causing eosinopenia, T-cell blastogenesis, granulocytosis
, and inhibited basophil, mast cell, and neutrophil function. Increased levels of cortisol have also been associated with decreased lymphocyte resonse to mitogen stimulation and diminished ability to destroy foreign cells. Patients who undergo neurological surgery often receive exogenous corticosteroids and consequently end up with immunosuppression.
In Cushing syndrome (CS), the prolonged endogenous exposure to pathologic GC levels induces alterations of the white blood cell count and function with granulocytosis
, increased monocytes, and a reduced number of lymphocytes with a decreased CD4/CD8 T ratio and Natural killer (NK) cell activity .
is a characteristic feature of inflammatory infiltrates in NMO that distinguishes it from MS [2, 28].
It does not appear to be helpful for chorea and can cause a granulocytosis
The patient was admitted with a preliminary diagnosis of drug-induced febrile granulocytosis
; the origin of his fever remained unclear.
Those considered at high risk had 4 or more of the following risk factors: present or recent past treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics and/or chemotherapy, granulocytopenia (neutrophils [is less than] 1.5 x [10.sup.9]/L) or granulocytosis
(neutrophils [is greater than] 10 x [10.sup.9]/L), immunosuppressive therapy (corticosteroid, azathioprine, or cyclosporine), intravascular catheterization, tracheal intubation, recent abdominal surgery, premature birth (pediatric or neonatal patients), or centrally administered parenteral nutrition.
This is performed on peripheral blood smears and can help differentiate between reactive granulocytosis
or leukemoid reactions from CML.
These alerts were caused by immature granulocytes, band cells, granulocytosis
, and neutropenia.