The models included 3 potential confounders based on a priori decisions (as these variables have been found to be associated with antimicrobial drug prescribing and/or gonococcal
susceptibility): geographic region; sex of sex partner (defined as the percentage of MSM at each GISP site per year, based on GISP data); and race (defined as the percentage of men with urethral gonorrhea who were black or African American at each GISP site per year, based on GISP data) (3,4,15,21).
Out of the 100 cases of Male urethritis, in 72 cases Gonococcal
infection and in 14 cases Chlamydial infection caused urethritis.
The rate of reported cases of chlamydial and gonococcal
infections among men has increased in recent years (6).
antimicrobial resistance surveillance: a real-time PCR assay for detection of penicillinase-producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae by use of noncultured clinical samples.
A major complication from gonococcal
infection is salpingitis.
They also may experience reactive arthritis (a common cause of arthritis in childhood that usually follows a viral infection such as strep, meningitis or gonorrhea) and gonococcal
Since the organism is transmitted by sexual contact, all children with gonococcal
conjunctivitis should be investigated in terms of sexual abuse.
gonorrhoeae facilitates the transmission of HIV, and studies have shown that effective treatment of gonococcal
urethritis in men reduces HIV shedding in the genital tract.
Ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal
Objective: The study was carried out to assess the reliability of Immunochromatographic test for gonococcal
antigen in urethral swabs from suspected male patients to validate it as rapid and point-of-care test for gonorrhoea.
The first case of gonococcal
perihepatitis in a male was reported by Kimball and Knee in 1970 (6).
Currently, CDC STD treatment guidelines recommend dual therapy with a cephalosporin antibiotic - Ceftriaxone is preferred - and either azithromycin or doxycycline to treat all uncomplicated gonococcal
infections among adults and adolescents in the United States.