goniometry


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Related to goniometry: manual muscle testing

goniometry

 [go″ne-om´ĕ-tre]
the measurement of range of motion in a joint. The technique may be used as a diagnostic or therapeutic measure to determine the functional status of a patient with a musculoskeletal or neurological disability. There are a variety of tools and techniques by which joint motion can be measured, but for most clinical purposes the simple universal goniometer is an adequate instrument. The system for recording measurements of range of motion may be somewhat complex or it may be based upon the simple technique of relating the degree of joint motion to a full circle (360 degrees).

In this system of measurement the axis of the goniometer is placed in alignment with the axis of rotation of the joint, and the 0° position of the circle is assigned in terms of one of the bones of the joint in alignment with a point above the head of the patient. In the sagittal plane, which divides the body into right and left halves, motion that rotates the distal member of the joint toward the 0° position is flexion, and motion which rotates it away from the 0° position is extension. In the frontal plane, which divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions, motion toward the 0° position is abduction (that is, toward the midline of the body), and motion away from the 0° position is adduction.

The 360° system for measurement of joint motion is relatively simple and easily understood by members of the health care team. For this reason it is frequently used. It is especially important, however, that all persons using this or any other system for joint measurement communicate with one another and come to a mutual understanding of the terms to be used and the purposes for which goniometry is being utilized.
The full-circle or 360° system of goniometry applied to several joints of the body, illustrating the locations of the zero degree (0°) position. From Kottke and Lehmann, 1990.

goniometry

/go·ni·om·e·try/ (go″ne-om´ĕ-tre) the measurement of angles, particularly those of range of motion of a joint.

goniometry

[gon′ē·om′ətrē]
Etymology: Gk, gonia, angle, metron, measure
1 a system for measuring angles of a joint.
2 a system for measuring angles during testing for various labyrinthine diseases that affect the sense of balance. One test uses a plank, one end of which may be raised to any desired height. The patient stands on the plank as one end is gradually raised, and the point at which he or she can no longer maintain balance is noted. goniometric, adj.

goniometry

Sports medicine The assessment of joint flexibility, using a large protractor to measure the extreme points in a joint's range of motion. Cf Flexometry.

goniometry

the measurement of range of motion in a joint. The technique may be used as a diagnostic or therapeutic measure to determine the functional status of a patient with a musculoskeletal or neurological disability. There is a variety of tools and techniques by which joint motion can be measured, but for most clinical purposes the simple universal goniometer is an adequate instrument. The system for recording measurements of range of motion may be somewhat complex or it may be based upon the simple technique of relating the degree of joint motion to a full circle (360 degrees).
References in periodicals archive ?
2012) evaluated ICC of visual estimation compared to clinical goniometry in 50 elbows.
Reliability of fleximetry and goniometry for assessing cervical range of motion among children.
The dependence of CA and surface free energy on exposure time by at different discharge powers was determined by standard goniometry (Fig.
In fact, goniometry has been shown to be unreliable for rearfoot assessment (35,36) and the responsiveness of ankle range of motion measurements is uncertain (30).
The second goal is directed to easier determination of contact angle and possible standardization of the measurements based on goniometry principles.
Measurement of joint motion; a guide to goniometry, 4th ed.
This method was chosen over goniometry as it was less likely to exacerbate shoulder symptoms due to the shorter time required to complete measurements.
Ankle joint range of motion measurements in spastic cerebral palsy children: intra-observer and inter-observer reliability and reproducibility of goniometry and visual estimation.
who compare neutron goniometry to low and high field magnetic fabrics on deformed Bohemian metasediments.
These he brought back with him to Philadelphia where he carried out detailed analyses, especially including goniometry which yielded many crystal drawings.
Rao, Analysis of different approaches for evaluation of surface energy of microbial cells by contact angle goniometry, Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.
Laid in a grid pattern over the battlefield, its exact position is determined by radio goniometry.