goniometry


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Related to goniometry: manual muscle testing

goniometry

 [go″ne-om´ĕ-tre]
the measurement of range of motion in a joint. The technique may be used as a diagnostic or therapeutic measure to determine the functional status of a patient with a musculoskeletal or neurological disability. There are a variety of tools and techniques by which joint motion can be measured, but for most clinical purposes the simple universal goniometer is an adequate instrument. The system for recording measurements of range of motion may be somewhat complex or it may be based upon the simple technique of relating the degree of joint motion to a full circle (360 degrees).

In this system of measurement the axis of the goniometer is placed in alignment with the axis of rotation of the joint, and the 0° position of the circle is assigned in terms of one of the bones of the joint in alignment with a point above the head of the patient. In the sagittal plane, which divides the body into right and left halves, motion that rotates the distal member of the joint toward the 0° position is flexion, and motion which rotates it away from the 0° position is extension. In the frontal plane, which divides the body into ventral and dorsal portions, motion toward the 0° position is abduction (that is, toward the midline of the body), and motion away from the 0° position is adduction.

The 360° system for measurement of joint motion is relatively simple and easily understood by members of the health care team. For this reason it is frequently used. It is especially important, however, that all persons using this or any other system for joint measurement communicate with one another and come to a mutual understanding of the terms to be used and the purposes for which goniometry is being utilized.
The full-circle or 360° system of goniometry applied to several joints of the body, illustrating the locations of the zero degree (0°) position. From Kottke and Lehmann, 1990.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

goniometry

Sports medicine The assessment of joint flexibility, using a large protractor to measure the extreme points in a joint's range of motion. Cf Flexometry.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Force plate (N) PVF PVI Dog l Fractured 123.64 11.16 Contralateral 131.77 11.92 Dog 2 Fractured 74.66 7.94 Contralateral 89.59 13.75 Dog 3 Fractured 66.63 6.78 Contralateral 67.02 8.17 Limb circumference (mm) Brachium Antebrachium Thigh Crus Dog l 151 92 -- -- 155 89 -- -- Dog 2 -- -- 330 138 -- -- 329 137 Dog 3 -- -- 260 134 -- -- 262 136 Goniometry (degrees) Shoulder Elbow Carpus F E F E F E Dog l 54 132 23 145 42 184 55 130 20 140 35 180 Dog 2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Dog 3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Goniometry (degrees) Hip Stifle Hock F E F E F E Dog l -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- Dog 2 38 168 42 159 38 162 32 172 41 152 38 160 Dog 3 24 175 30 165 48 165 29 175 23 168 25 169
Photography, movie and smartphone application based goniometry were individually compared to the UG measurements to analyze validity.
In addition, EMG and HP (high correlation) and EMG and goniometry (average correlation) demonstrated a significant inverse correlation.
Clinical measurement of range of motion: Review of goniometry emphasizing reliability and validity.
Another goniometry for knee joint is photographic-based goniometry.
Strengths and limitations: First, both the examiners were qualified physiotherapists having more than eight years of clinical and teaching experience and remained involved in teaching goniometry to students which may help in increasing the reliability of UG for measuring neck movements.
The knee range of motion was measured using goniometry at accuracy of up to 1.0[degrees], as goniometric measurements of range of motion have been reported to be more reliable than visual observation [9].
Deliva (2012) used the 6-minute walk test, dynamometry and goniometry, whilst Patel (2008) used the standard Bruce protocol and dynamometry.
During the study the following methods were used: dynamometry (carpal, strength of the extensor muscles), modified Kraus-Weber's test to determine the strength endurance of different muscle groups, goniometry to determine the range of motion in the joints, and Bondarevsky's test and Yarotsky's sample to determine the status of the vestibular apparatus and coordination capabilities, palpation and external examination, anthropometry, and podometry.
The nature of the surfaces is characterized with contact angle goniometry, ATRFTIR, and other spectroscopic or microscopic techniques.