goniometer

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goniometer

 [go″ne-om´ĕ-ter]
an instrument for measuring angles; the instrument used in goniometry.
Two examples of universal goniometers commonly used by the clinician. From Kottke and Lehmann, 1990.
finger goniometer one for measuring the limits of flexion and extension of the joints between the phalanges of the fingers.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

go·ni·om·e·ter

(gō'nē-om'ĕ-tĕr),
1. An instrument for measuring angles.
2. An applicance for the assessment of labyrinthine disease. It consists of an adjustable surface on which the patient reclines. As the surface is gradually tilted, the angle at which the patient experiences loss of balance is noted.
3. A calibrated device designed to measure the arc or range of motion of a joint. Synonym(s): arthrometer, fleximeter, pronometer
4. Device used to measure the amount of head turn in strabismus or nystagmus.
[G. gōnia, angle, + metron, measure]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

go·ni·om·e·ter

(gō'nē-om'ĕ-tĕr)
1. An instrument for measuring joint angles.
2. An appliance used in the static test of labyrinthine disease. It consists of a plank, one end of which may be raised to any desired height; as one end of the plank is gradually raised, the point at which a patient reclining on the plank loses balance is noted.
3. A calibrated device used to measure the arc or range of motion of a joint.
Synonym(s): arthrometer, flexometer.
[G. gōnia, angle, + metron, measure]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

goniometer

(go?ne-om'et-er) [Gr. gonia, angle + -meter]
Enlarge picture
GONIOMETER: These goniometers are measuring a patient's elbow at extension and flexion
Enlarge picture
GONIOMETER: These goniometers are measuring a patient's elbow at extension and flexion
An instrument to measure joint movements and angles. Various sizes and types of goniometers are available, including finger goniometers, bubble goniometers, gravity goniometers, and recording electrogoniometers. Synonym: arthrometer See: illustration

bubble goniometer

Inclinometer (2).
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
While all the above described contact goniometers used a graduated semicircular arc, quarter-circle and full-circle contact goniometers were also designed.
(1) They include radiographic evaluation, use of a universal plastic goniometer, electrogoniometry, and measurement of joints using physical landmarks in photographs.
In general, the ROM is assessed by an examiner by visual estimation or the use of a universal goniometer (UG) [1].
Secondarily we wanted to determine if the intra-examiner reliability of this new device was of a similar magnitude to that of a standard goniometer.
A new mechanical goniometer with six-degree freedom, for dynamic assessment of lower limb joint angles, has been designed and developed and reported here.
A goniometer pairs a light detector with a motorized system for rotating a source around its center point in two axes, allowing light output to be measured as a function of angle (the spatial power distribution).
Various measurement devices are available for cervical ROM evaluation,7,10 going from simple instruments like universal goniometer (UG) to electromagnetic 3D Fastrak measurement system or 3D ultrasound equipment.7,11-13 But these equipment are not very accessible for clinical practice due to high cost and complexity for use in specific segments.
Correct placement of the axis of rotation of goniometers at the joint being measured has similar problems.
In general, measuring passive physiological range of motion using instruments, such as goniometers or inclinometers, resulted in higher reliability than using vision.
In the 1909 price list, Fuess offered several different designs: Model 1 (for 115 Marks), a small instrument to be used as an accessory to all goniometers (e.g.