goitre


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goi·ter

(goy'tĕr)
A chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland, not due to a neoplasm, occurring endemically in some localities, especially regions where glaciation occurred and depleted the soil of iodine, and sporadically elsewhere.
Synonym(s): struma, goitre.
[Fr. from L. guttur, throat]

goitre

Enlargement of the THYROID GLAND from any cause. This may be due to overactivity of the gland in THYROTOXICOSIS, to HASHIMOTO'S THYROIDITIS, to infective thyroiditis, to DYSHORMONOGENESIS, to cancer of the gland or to iodine deficiency.

goitre

an abnormal swelling of the neck due to enlargement of the thyroid gland. This may be because of a lack of iodine in the diet (simple goitre) or to overactivity of the gland (exophthalmic goitre).
References in periodicals archive ?
High incidence of multinodular toxic goitre in the elderly population in a low iodine intake area vs.
Computed tomography for preoperative evaluation of need for sternotomy in surgery for retrosternal goitre. Langenbecks Arch Surg.
Nodular goitre - where solid or fluid-filled lumps called nodules develop within the thyroid and make the thyroid gland feel lumpy - the nodules can be single or many and may contain fluid (cysts)
Preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan showed that the trachea was shifted to the right and compressed by a giant goitre, with a lumen of 4 mm x 14 mm at its narrowest point in the subglottic region.
Ultrasonography is important in characterising the goitre. If malignancy is suspected, a guided FNAC is indicated.
Besides absolute medical indications for more radical treatment such as compressive symptoms, goitre progression, or suspicion of malignancy, other factors like age, concomitant disorders, and even patient expectation should be taken under consideration.
According to her, a doctor should be consulted urgently if there is a rapidly enlarging goitre or nodules in the neck, as these might be an indication of thyroid cancer.
In present study, thyroid calcification was present in 17 (34%) patients, out of which 5 patients had malignancy and 6 patients had multinodular goitre. Also, according to result it was found that, in a multinodular thyroid disease, presence of calcification favours benign lesion but if a solitary nodule shows the presence of calcification, there is high chances of malignancy.
The sequelae of the incomplete surgical management of a bilateral simple multinodular goitre include a risk of recurrence (1) which progressively increases as the time elapses from the first operation.
Surgical treatment of intrathoracic goitre. Cir Esp 2012 Aug; 90(7):421-8.
Running alongside the site is Llantrisant Road, which would provide access to the development, called Goitre Fach.
How would it cope with all this extra traffic?" In a design and access statement submitted as part of the application for Barratt David Wilson, agents RPS said: "The vision for this development is to provide a sustainable development that respects the site's existing features and creates an attractive and well integrated neighbourhood at Goitre Fach Farm.