glyoxalase


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gly·ox·a·lase

(glī-oks'ă-lās),
An enzyme, lactoylglutathione lyase (g. I) or hydroxyacylglutathione hydrolase (g. II), in erythrocytes and other tissues that converts glyoxal and substituted glyoxals bound to glutathione into the corresponding free hydroxy acids (g. II) or glyoxals (g. I).

glyoxalase

(glē-ōk′să-lās)
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of methylglyoxal to lactic acid by the addition of water.
References in periodicals archive ?
Methylglyoxal-induced dicarbonyl stress in aging and disease: first steps towards glyoxalase 1-based treatments.
Exogenous sodium nitroprusside alleviates arsenic-induced oxidative stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seedlings by enhancing antioxidant defense and glyoxalase system.
Booth, "Integrated stress response of Escherichia coli to methylglyoxal: transcriptional readthrough from the nemRA operon enhances protection through increased expression of glyoxalase I," Molecular Microbiology, vol.
Coordinate induction of antioxidant defense and glyoxalase system by exogenous proline and glycinebetaine is correlated with salt tolerance in mungbean.
Klebsiella 370 Sulfonamide, Trimethoprim, Quinolone, Acriflavin, Glyoxalase, Bleomycin Tetracycline, Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Amikacin, Streptomycin, Colicin, Tunicamycin, Chloramphenicol,Fosfomycin, Florfenicol, Erythromycin, kanamycin, Neomycin, Apramycin, Trimethoprim, Rifampin and Spectinomycin Acinetobacter 212 Sulfonamide, Trimethoprim, Aminoglycoside,Gentamicin, Bleomycin, Carbapenem, Amikacin, Kanamycin and Neomycin.
The enzyme Glyoxalase 1, or GLO1, helps to remove byproduct that is created when cells generate energy.
HLA and glyoxalase I typing and hormonal studies," Hormone Research, vol.
Yin, "Glycyrrhizic acid attenuated glycative stress in kidney of diabetic mice through enhancing glyoxalase pathway," Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol.
They also found that protective effects of AK against diabetes were mediated by the upregulation of Nrf2 pathway, resulting in induction of glyoxalase and HO-1 [89, 90].
This might be associated with impairing of BLUT4 translocation and downregulating the expression of glyoxalase 1 and p-AMPK[alpha].
In many transgenic plants, GlyI and GlyII gene expression for glyoxalase I and glyoxalase II enzymes have been reported for salinity tolerance (Singla-Pareek et al.