glyconeogenesis


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Related to glyconeogenesis: glycogenesis

gluconeogenesis

 [gloo″ko-ne″o-jen´ĕ-sis]
the synthesis of glucose from noncarbohydrate sources, such as amino acids and glycerol. It occurs primarily in the liver and kidneys whenever the supply of carbohydrates is insufficient to meet the body's energy needs. Gluconeogenesis is stimulated by cortisol and other glucocorticoids and by the thyroid hormone thyroxine. Formerly called glyconeogenesis.

gly·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

(glī'kō-nē'ō-jen'ĕ-sis),
1. The formation of glycogen from noncarbohydrates, such as protein or fat, by conversion of the latter to d-glucose.
See also: glycogenesis.
2. Synonym(s): gluconeogenesis
[glyco- + G. neos, new, + genesis, production]

gly·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

(glī'kō-nē'ō-jen'ĕ-sis)
Formation of glycogen from noncarbohydrates, such as protein or fat, by conversion of the latter to d-glucose.
See also: glycogenesis
Compare: gluconeogenesis
[glyco- + G. neos, new, + genesis, production]

gly·co·ne·o·gen·e·sis

(glī'kō-nē'ō-jen'ĕ-sis)
The formation of glycogen from noncarbohydrates by conversion of the latter to glucose.
[glyco- + G. neos, new, + genesis, production]
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic and transitional regulation of gluconeogenesis and glyconeogenesis by insulin and glucagon in neonatal calf hepatocytes.
C1q/TNF-related protein-3 (CTRP3) is a novel adipokine with multiple effects as lowering glucose levels, inhibiting the glyconeogenesis in liver, and increasing angiogenesis and anti-inflammation.
Administration of 20-OH-ecclysone and glibenclamide had beneficial effects on glucose concentration as well as sequential metabolic correlation between increased glycolysis and decreased glyconeogenesis, suggesting the possible biochemical mechanism through which glucose homeostasis is regulated.
O:N ratio variation can be related to glucose homeostasis, through the regulation of glyconeogenesis (Cuzon et al.
These changes may be the result of reduced hepatic glucose production because we found that the pyruvate carboxylase (Pcx), the first of the key enzymes involved in glyconeogenesis, in [Lmna.sup.-/-] mice was about 71.76% of the level in wild mice (data not shown).
The excess aminoacids are used for production of energy or as substrates for glyconeogenesis (Sherwin et al.
Propylene glycol can also be converted to propionic acid in the rumen and transported to liver, where it is converted to glucose though the glyconeogenesis pathway (Emery et al., 1967; Clapperton and Czerkawski, 1972; Kristensen et al., 2002; Nielsen and Ingvartsen, 2004).
In addition, the higher serum concentrations of lactate dehydrogenase, glutamatepyruvate transaminase and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase induced by the transformed or natural Lactobacillus indicated that the metabolisms of lactic acid and amino acid, and glyconeogenesis reaction were increased, resulting in high concentration of triglyceride and low concentrations of uric acid in serum.