glycolysis

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glycolysis

 [gli-kol´ĭ-sis]
the anaerobic enzymatic conversion of glucose to lactate or pyruvate, resulting in energy stored in the form of ATP, as occurs in muscle. adj., adj glycolyt´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gly·col·y·sis

(glī-kol'i-sis),
The energy-yielding conversion of d-glucose to lactic acid (instead of pyruvate oxidation products) in various tissues, notably muscle, when sufficient oxygen is not available (as in an emergency situation); because molecular oxygen is not consumed in the process, this is frequently referred to as "anaerobic glycolysis" Compare: Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway.
Synonym(s): glucolysis
[glyco- + G. lysis, a loosening]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

glycolysis

(glī-kŏl′ə-sĭs)
n.
A metabolic process that occurs in nearly all living cells in which glucose is converted in a series of steps to pyruvic acid and during which energy is released in the form of ATP.

gly′co·lyt′ic adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

gly·col·y·sis

(glī-kol'i-sis)
The energy-yielding conversion of d-glucose to lactic acid (instead of pyruvate oxidation products) in various tissues, notably muscle, when sufficient oxygen is not available; given that molecular oxygen is not consumed in the process, this is frequently referred to as "anaerobic glycolysis."
[glyco- + G. lysis, a loosening]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

glycolysis

The breakdown of glucose or other sugars under the influence of enzymes, with the formation of lactic acid or pyruvic acid and the release of energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The complex biochemical sequence by which glucose-6-phosphate is converted to pyruvate and ATP.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Glycolysisclick for a larger image
Fig. 177 Glycolysis . The individual steps of glycolysis.

glycolysis

‘sugar-splitting’, the first stage of CELLULAR RESPIRATION, occurring with or without the presence of oxygen, in which glucose is converted to two molecules of pyruvic acid. See Fig. 177 . See also AEROBIC RESPIRATION.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Glycolysis

The pathway in which a cell breaks down glucose into energy.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gly·col·y·sis

(glī-kol'i-sis)
The energy-yielding conversion of glucose to lactic acid in various tissues, notably muscle, when sufficient oxygen is not available.
[glyco- + G. lysis, a loosening]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This means Salicinium affects every single reaction in the glycolytic pathway as soon as it is irreversibly attached to HK-II upon entry, and NADP is where "the buck stops."
Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the role of mitochondria and glycolysis in ATP production, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and kinetic patterns of epididymal bovine sperm by means of mitochondrial uncoupling and glycolytic pathway stimulation.
In addition, we found that glucose-6-phosphate and glucose-1-phosphatein glycolytic pathway were increased significantly in DA group, as well as the TAC products such as oxalate and 2-hydroxybutanoic acid.
When normal cells transition into cancer cells, they, too, go through a phase when they change to a glycolytic pathway for energy production.
Tuininga et al., "The unique features of glycolytic pathways in Archaea," Biochemical Journal, vol.
Rosa, "The enzymes of the glycolytic pathway in erythrocytes infected with Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites," Blood, vol.
Chronic depletion of mitochondrial DNA in both Schwann cells and Dorsal root ganglion neurons in vitro has resulted in decreased enzyme activities of various Krebs cycle enzymes including Malate dehydrogenase, Citrate Synthase and a simultaneous increase in Glycolytic pathway enzymes.
Our current study indicated that the glycolytic pathway is downregulated in VPS4B-depleted SKBR3 cells, suggesting a potential cross-talk between the abnormal glycolysis in cancer and MVB dysfunction.
The enzymes in glycolytic pathway and their isoforms are discussed below.
This is also called the Glycolytic Pathway and the metabolism of glucose is referred to as glycolysis.
This factor, an heterodimer including one of the three subunit alpha 1, 2, 3 and a beta subunit, activates the transcription of genes coding for proteins mediating the adaptive response to hypoxia, such as erythropoetin and some enzymes of the glycolytic pathway (3), (4).
The low carbohydrate diet generates less of glucose and inhibits the glycolytic pathway. This reverses the Warburg phenotype.