glycol


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gly·col

(glī'kol),
1. A compound containing two alcohol groups.
2. Ethylene glycol.

glycol

(glī′kōl) (-kŏl) [″ + alcohol]
Any one of the dihydric alcohols related to ethylene glycol, C2H6O2.

Patient care

The glycols, including ethylene and propylene glycol, are found in many antifreezes, solvents, detergents, and lacquers, and their ingestion is a common cause of accidental poisoning in the U.S. The intoxicated patient should be treated by decontaminating the stomach in order to decrease uptake of the chemical. Sodium bicarbonate is also given if metabolic acidosis develops. Seizures, brain damage, ophthalmic injury, and renal failure are common complications of exposure. Support of the patient often includes parenteral administration of thiamine and other vitamins, as well as of alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitors.

References in periodicals archive ?
Within 12 or so hours of ethylene glycol ingestion, the proliferation of these metabolites dangerously increases the level of acidity in the animal's bodily fluids.
Polyethylene glycol can be used for both acute and chronic constipation.
Yes, toxicity can occur from inhalation and dermal exposures to methanol or ethylene glycol; however, severe toxicity is much more likely with ingestions.
HRP's new line of glycol unit coolers includes Low Velocity, Low Profile and Medium Profile products in the Bohn and Larkin brands.
Potassium octoate compounds in diethylene glycol for isocyanurate foams.
We believe this technology will encourage and attract more companies and plants to produce propylene glycol, a cheaper and environmentally safer product."
The brand managers and packaging engineers who are concerned about the potential effects migrating glycol ethers and residual monomers can have on food products have a new polymer technology at their disposal.
"By removing propylene glycol and aluminum chlorohydrate while working with the best certified organic ingredients found in nature, we are giving consumers an all-natural stick deodorant they can trust completely."
Randy Cortright and James Dumesic, chemical engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, have invented a catalytic process for converting a corn-derived compound, lactic acid, into the chemical polypropylene glycol. More than 450 tons (408 metric tons) of polypropylene glycol are used in the United States annually.
Automobile engine coolant-related fires may result from engine coolant leakage, an increase in the concentration of the glycol in the water/glycol mixture, the nature of the vapor/particle distribution, and contact with an ignition source in the engine compartment.
These would include chemical feedstocks, such as ethylene glycol and propylene glycol for antifreeze, and fuels such as ethanol.