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1. A compound containing two alcohol groups.
2. Ethylene glycol.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


(glī′kōl) (-kŏl) [″ + alcohol]
Any one of the dihydric alcohols related to ethylene glycol, C2H6O2.

Patient care

The glycols, including ethylene and propylene glycol, are found in many antifreezes, solvents, detergents, and lacquers, and their ingestion is a common cause of accidental poisoning in the U.S. The intoxicated patient should be treated by decontaminating the stomach in order to decrease uptake of the chemical. Sodium bicarbonate is also given if metabolic acidosis develops. Seizures, brain damage, ophthalmic injury, and renal failure are common complications of exposure. Support of the patient often includes parenteral administration of thiamine and other vitamins, as well as of alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitors.

Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
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