glycogenic


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glycogenic

 [gli″ko-jen´ik]
pertaining to, characterized by, or promoting glycogenesis; pertaining to glycogen.

gly·co·gen·ic

(glī'ko-jen'ik),
Giving rise to or producing glycogen.
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Caption: Figure 1: (a) Esophageal squamous mucosa with upper keratinocytes showing "cleared out" cytoplasms, characteristic for glycogenic acanthosis, and a rare eosinophil, consistent with minimal reflux (H&E 20x).
Glycogenic hepatopathy was first described in 1930 by Mauriac as "hepatic glycogenosis, characterized by hepatic glycogen deposition in patients with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus" [1].
This idea is sustained by the fact that gluconeogenic enzymes are not uniformly expressed along the proximal tubule, with higher levels in cortical proximal tubules [20] where we observed the glycogenic effect.
Glycogenic acanthosis (GA) is a nodular or plaque-like elevation of the esophageal squamous epithelium, with an unknown origin (1).
(ii) Although various drug trials are continuously ongoing, trials investigating alternative treatment strategies in populations of people with diabetes may offer novel clues regarding the mechanism of glycogenic involvement in cardio-metabolic risk (iii) Glycogenic control according to recommended targets (HbA1c = 7.0%) may need to be individualized26, for patients based on age, baseline level of control, co-existing morbidities, overall risk of diabetes-related complications and weighed against the risk of hypoglycaemia.
In contrast, the volume density of glycogenic cells and trophoblast giant cells was higher on gestation day 16 than on day 19, probably due to the intensive trophoblast invasion during that time.
All patients with diabetes mellitus were evaluated for plasma homocysteine level in association with the glycogenic parameters like fasting plasma glucose, post prandial plasma glucose (PPG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c).
This effect may occur due to reduction in intestinal glucose absorption or induction of glycogenic process along with reduction in glycogenolysis and glyconeogenesis.
Glycogenic acanthosis is a common degenerative condition characterized by accumulation of cytoplasmic glycogen in the squamous epithelium of the esophagus.
(20, 21) Alteration in muscle type, to a more glycogenic morphology creates a muscle prone to facilitation.
In addition, utilisation of fructose by the liver is altered by the presence of glucose where fructose is preferentially directed through glycogenic and lipogenic pathways [28, 33].