glycemic index


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Related to glycemic index: Glycemic load

index

 (pl. indexes, in´dices) (L.)
1. the numerical ratio of measurement of any part in comparison with a fixed standard.
Barthel index an objective, standardized tool for measuring functional status. The individual is scored in a number of areas depending upon independence of performance. Total scores range from 0 (complete dependence) to 100 (complete independence).
bleeding index any of various methods of assessing bleeding in the gingival sulcus before or after treatment.
body mass index (BMI) the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters, a measure of body fat that gives an indication of nutritional status.
cardiac index cardiac output corrected for body size.
cephalic index 100 times the maximum breadth of the skull divided by its maximum length.
citation index an index listing all publications appearing in a set of source publications (e.g., articles in a defined group of journals) that cite a given publication in their bibliographies.
Colour index a publication of the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists containing an extensive list of dyes and dye intermediates. Each chemically distinct compound is identified by a specific number, the C.I. number, avoiding the confusion of trivial names used for dyes in the dye industry.
erythrocyte indices the mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration. These are all useful for evaluating anemias because they provide information on the size of the erythrocytes and the concentration of hemoglobin. Called also red cell or red blood cell indices.
glycemic index a ranking of foods based on the response of postprandial blood sugar levels as compared with a reference food, usually either white bread or glucose. See table.
left ventricular stroke work index (LVSWI) an index of the amount of work performed by the heart.
leukopenic index a fall of 1000 or more in the total leukocyte count within 1.5 hours after ingestion of a given food; it indicates allergic hypersensitivity to that food.
index Medicus a monthly publication of the national library of medicine in which the world's leading biomedical literature is indexed by author and subject.
opsonic index a measure of opsonic activity determined by the ratio of the number of microorganisms phagocytized by normal leukocytes in the presence of serum from an individual infected by the microorganism, to the number phagocytized in serum from a normal individual.
phagocytic index any arbitrary measure of the ability of neutrophils to ingest native or opsonized particles determined by various assays; it reflects either the average number of particles ingested or the rate at which particles are cleared from the blood or culture medium.
red blood cell indices (red cell indices) erythrocyte indices.
refractive index the refractive power of a medium compared with that of air (assumed to be 1).
short increment sensitivity index (SISI) a hearing test in which randomly spaced, 0.5-second tone bursts are superimposed at 1- to 5-decibel increments in intensity on a carrier tone having the same frequency and an intensity of 20 decibels above the speech recognition threshold.
therapeutic index originally, the ratio of the maximum tolerated dose to the minimum curative dose; now defined as the ratio of the median lethal dose (LD50) to the median effective dose (ED50). It is used in assessing the safety of a drug.

glycemic index

a ranking of the rise in serum glucose from various foodstuffs.

glycemic index

(glī-sē′mĭk)
n.
A numerical index given to a carbohydrate-rich food that is based on the average increase in blood glucose levels occurring after the food is eaten.

glycemic index

Nutrition A benchmark of a food's ability to trigger ↑ insulin production; refined foods have a high GI, which ↑ the long-term risk of type 2 DM. See Diabetes, The Zone.

gly·ce·mic in·dex

(glī-sē'mik in'deks)
A relative measurement of the rise in blood glucose levels 2 hours after ingestion of any food containing 50 g. of a carbohydrate.

gly·ce·mic in·dex

(glī-sē'mik in'deks)
Ranking of the rise in serum glucose from various foodstuffs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Depression of the glycemic index by high levels of beta-glucan fiber in two functional foods tested in type 2 diabetes.
"Although the Low G products all have been stringently tested for glycemic load, they will not carry glycemic index numbers, which at this point we feel overcomplicates a simple concept," says Amantea.
And you're better off eating fewer carbs than eating carbs with a low glycemic index, e
Only subjects assigned to the group with low protein content and high glycemic index showed significant weight regain--a mean of almost 2 kg.
Instead, researchers have begun to focus more on carbohydrates and other foods with a high glycemic index. For example, soft drink consumption has grown considerably since the 1970s, up 118% from 1970 to 1997, according to the Department of Agriculture, whereas milk consumption is down 23%.
Association between dietary glycemic index and age-related macular degeneration in nondiabetic participants in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study.
? Modify products to lower their glycemic index or glycemic load.
On our Wellness Foods Online website, it was further explained that the glycemic index was meant to "give persons with diabetes and other metabolic disorders some comparative and quantitative data.
The formula is based on the glycemic load equaling the glycemic index (percent) times the grams of carbohydrates per serving, with one unit of GL having the effect of one gram of glucose.
AEAS has launched AdvantEdge Carb Control drink for active people watching their GI (glycemic index) levels.
The cult of carbohydrate cutting notwithstanding, world nutrition experts assembling recommendations for the International Olympic Committee advise choosing foods high on the glycemic index as your major carbohydrate choices, especially for recovery meals.
NEW ORLEANS -- Calorie restriction, rather than the carbohydrate or fat content or the glycemic index of the diet, is of great importance in losing weight, Ernst J.