glycaemic load


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Related to glycaemic load: glycemic index, Glycaemic index, GI index

glycaemic load (GL)

a measure of the impact of a given amount of food on blood glucose levels after it is eaten, relating to both the quality and quantity of the carbohydrate. It is calculated on the basis of the amount of carbohydrate in a serving:

GL = grams of available carbohydrate in sample x GI/100. There are three categories: low (0–10), medium (11–19) and high (20 or more). For example a GL of 6 has the same blood glucose response as 6 g of glucose. see GLYCAEMIC INDEX.

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The study aimed to examine the possible association between glycaemic index and glycaemic load on depression with the overall findings indicating that a diet with a lower dietary glycaemic index may be effective to reduce the risk of depression.
Low glycaemic index diet group showed statistically significant mean decrease in body mass (p=0.004) and BMI (p=0.005), and there was also a significant decrease in body mass (p=0.04) and BMI (p=0.03) in cases as compared to controls.20 All of these studies showed a statistically significant difference in weight reduction among low glycaemic index/low glycaemic load diet group in comparison to control or other treatment groups.
It was only in 1997 that the glycaemic load (GL), which is the product of the GI multiplied by the amount of available carbohydrate (GL = GI (%) x available carbohydrate), was conceptualised by the nutritional epidemiologists at Harvard University in the USA.
Healthiest: Whole milk Rice cakes vs oatcakes "Oatcakes win hands down because they have a lower glycaemic load. That means they can help regulate your blood sugar and assist with weight management by keeping you fuller for longer," said Laila Lewis.
Since the amount of carbohydrate-containing food required to supply a total of 50g digestible carbohydrate varies (e.g., ~1000g of watermelon or ~210g of boiled white rice), the Glycaemic Load (GL) concept was introduced by Harvard researchers to consider the gram amount of each food.
This is a vast topic and if you are concerned about your diet further reading is definitely recommended - it would also be worthwhile researching the Glycaemic load as this is becoming more prominent as it also takes into account the typical serving size of a food within its calculation.
They found that women whose diet had the highest glycaemic load had more than double the risk of heart disease than those with the lowest glycaemic load.
Due to its low GL (Glycaemic Load) it is a good choice for diabetics and unlike honey it is vegan and registered with The Vegan Society.
Available data suggest that a high dietary glycaemic load is associated directly with increased risk of coronary artery disease (115) and type 2 diabetes (106).
Glycaemic load is a measure of the effect of food on the blood glucose levels as influenced by insulin after eating a specific food.
(1) Individuals consuming diets with a high glycaemic load (165) and a low intake of cereal fibre (<2.5 g/day) are at a two-fold increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared with those consuming more than 5.8 g of cereal fibre/d and a low (<143) glycaemic load.