" They found that overweight and obese people had a reduced risk of coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and heart attack.Other studies have emphasized the idea that it is only the "healthy" fat surrounding the heart that can protect it, while older studies have suggested that gluteofemoral
fat that is, the fat on the buttocks, thighs, and hips may improve cardiometabolic health.
(7) In women, fat is distributed by an enlargement of subcutaneous and visceral fat along with a modest amount of fat in the gluteofemoral
Whereas men have greater predisposition to accumulate visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (known as android distribution) , women accumulate WAT in the gluteofemoral
position (known as gynoid distribution) .
Anatomically, adipose tissues are distributed in central adipose tissues (visceral and upper abdominal subcutaneous fats) and peripheral adipose tissues (hip and gluteofemoral
Moreover, the fat reserve in women tends to accumulate preferentially in the gluteofemoral
region, while in men it accumulates in the central region of the body (19).
Additionally, Ibrahim reported that abdominal obesity imparts a greater risk of developing diabetes and future cardiovascular events than peripheral or gluteofemoral
obesity, and visceral adipose tissue has a higher rate of insulin-stimulated glucose uptake compared with subcutaneous obesity .
Os homens apresentam menor percentual de gordura corporal total do que as mulheres, porem com maior acumulo proporcional na regiao intra-abdominal, enquanto as mulheres apresentam maior acumulo na regiao gluteofemoral
e no tecido subcutaneo total.
compartments of obese women contain more adipocytes than those of leaner women in a sex-specific manner not seen in men (34).
Perhaps black girls benefit from an increased capacity to expand their lower-body (gluteofemoral
), subcutaneous, adipose-tissue stores in a manner that would increase their total body weight yet protect them from cardiometabolic risk [70-73].
Men have lower amount of total body fat than women that, while in the premenopausal period, have a greater proportion of body fat accumulated in the subcutaneous (gluteofemoral
) location than men, although in both genders the subcutaneous is the main site of accumulation [12, 79].
Men usually seek liposuction to minimise the size of the abdomen, thighs, gynaecomastia and chin, and women seek liposuction mostly for their abdomen, gluteofemoral
areas and their back.
Furthermore, studies have also 'shown that a preferential accumulation of body fat in the gluteofemoral
region, initially described by Vague under the term "gynoid obesity," and commonly found in premenopausal women, is not a major threat to cardiovascular health (27).