gluten-free diet


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Related to gluten-free diet: celiac disease

diet

 [di´et]
1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
Feingold diet a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
gluten-free diet see gluten-free diet.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats; see also ketogenic diet.
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
ketogenic diet one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet.
liquid diet see liquid diet.
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low fiber diet low residue diet.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet and minimal residue diet.
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
minimal residue diet low residue diet.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
purine-free diet low purine diet.
vegan diet the diet of a vegan; see also veganism.
vegetarian diet see vegetarian diet.

gluten

 [gloo´ten]
the protein derivative of wheat and other grains that gives dough its tough elastic character; avoidance of this substance will alleviate celiac disease (nontropical sprue) in certain persons, as well as immunologic disturbances in which there is an allergy to gliadin, a component of gluten.
gluten-free diet a diet in which wheat must be avoided, as well as other grains such as barley, oats, and rye that contain analogues to wheat gluten. Exceptions to this essentially grain-free diet are corn, rice, and millet. Wheat starch, which has been washed free of gliadin, is not restricted nor are there restrictions on carbohydrates or fats.
Patient Care. Following a gluten-free diet can relieve the problems associated with gluten allergy but preparing and enjoying gluten-free meals demands constant vigilance and motivation. Patients and family members who purchase and prepare patients' foods should read the labels on processed foods very carefully. Many contain hidden and unexpected wheat flour, for example, tomato catsup and ice cream. Processors also mix unacceptable and acceptable gluten-free soybeans and grains together in the same product. If there are any questions about the contents of a product, manufacturers will provide lists of their foods that are permissible on a gluten-free diet.

Foods to be avoided are listed in the accompanying table, as well as possible sources of hidden gluten. Additional information and recipes for baking with nongluten flours can be obtained from a dietitian or from publications found in most large bookstores.

glu·ten-free di·et

elimination of all wheat, rye, barley, and oat gluten from the diet; treatment for gluten-sensitive enteropathy (celiac disease). See: celiac disease.

gluten-free diet

A diet that excludes all forms of gluten, including wheat, rye, oats and barley; other foods excluded are beans, cabbage, cucumbers, dried peas, plums, prunes, turnips, beer, instant coffee and malted milk.

Allowed grains
Corn, rice, gluten-free wheat, dairy products, seafood and poultry; a gluten-free diet is supplemented with vitamins, minerals and digestive aids (e.g., enzymes—bromelain, pancrelipase and papain—betaine, lecithin and ox bile).

gluten-free diet

A diet sans gluten–wheat, rye, oats, barley, beans, cabbage, cucumbers, dried peas, plums, prunes, turnips, as well as beer (DUDE!!!), instant coffee, malted milk, Postum Allowed grains Corn, rice, GF wheat, dairy products, seafoods, poultry; a GFD is supplemented with vitamins, minerals, and digestive aids–eg, enzymes–eg, bromelain, pancrelipase, papain, betaine, lecithin, and ox bile. See Celiac disease, Diet, Digestive aid, Gluten.

glu·ten-free di·et

(glūt'tĕn-frē dī'ĕt)
Elimination of all wheat, rye, barley, and oat gluten from the diet; treatment for gluten-sensitive enteropathy.
See: celiac disease
References in periodicals archive ?
Take extra care when starting a gluten-free diet, as it can be deficient in fiber, B vitamins (thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, and folate) and iron.
Exclusion criteria applied were (1) any child less than 2 years and more than 15 years of age, (2) those who did not have a documented positive serology and/or biopsy suggestive of celiac disease as per revised ESPGAN criteria 1990, (3) those on gluten-free diet for less than 6 months, and (4) those children whose parents did not consent to be included in the study.
"We need to be careful about recommending a gluten-free diet for those who think it's the answer for cardiovascular disease prevention," says Patton "Not to say that gluten-free is a bad diet, but simple lab tests are the best way to tell if you're truly gluten intolerant or gluten sensitive."
Many people are turning to gluten-free diets to ease digestive symptoms and follow what they believe is a more healthful way of eating.
In 1980, researchers in England fed women with chronic diarrhea a gluten-free diet or not.
Babb warns that a gluten-free diet should only be undertaken by those with real sensitivities, because it's a diet that's difficult and expensive to sustain in a balanced way.
Currently, the only way to treat CD is a gluten-free diet.
This article explores the use of SDS, characteristics of celiac disease, dietary challenges of patients with this disease, effectiveness of a gluten-free diet, and options for dietary supplementation in the gluten-sensitive athletes.
Out of 77 campers (21 male), 70 percent had been on a gluten-free diet (GFD) for less than four years, the others for four years or more.
Providing a gluten-free diet is apparently beyond them.
Effects of a gluten-free diet on gut microbiota and immune function in healthy adult human subjects.
Subacute facilities are expected to manage complex patients and receive no warning when a gluten-free diet is needed.