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Effect of rapid weight loss and glutamine supplementatin on immunusuppression of combat athletes: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
Group B received 7 days of standard chow food plus glutamine 1.5 g/kg/day and arginine 1.63 g/kg/day (Impact Glutamine, Nestle Health Care Nutrition Germany) before the operation and continued at the same dose for 7 more days after the operation until sacrificed.
What glutamine does when you lick, taste and then swallow a teaspoon (5 grams) of it mixed with water caught me by surprise.
High levels of free amino acids correlate with high water-holding capacity of stratum corneum.19 We observed that 90% of studied amino acids (asparagine, glutamine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine) were in higher level in infected people compared to healthy individuals (Figure 1).
Mice, which were housed in a specific pathogen-free conditions and used in experiments at 8-9 weeks of age, were randomly divided into five groups ( n = 6 in each group): control (Group C); low tidal volume (Group L); low tidal volume + glutamine (Group L + G); high tidal volume (Group H); and high tidal volume + glutamine (Group H + G).
At the end of the cultivation period, treatment with 60mM of glutamine increased the concentration of total phenolic and flavonoid contents in the callus.
During stressful states of illness or injury, glutamine becomes "conditionally essential," meaning that the body cannot supply an adequate amount and it must be taken in from food or supplements.
Mutational screening of GJA8 gene showed substitution of glutamic acid to glutamine at codon position 368 in the coding region of GJA8 exon 2, which is a novel mutation.
"In normal acid-base balance, the kidneys extract and catabolize very little of the plasma glutamine, but during acute and chronic acidosis the extraction of glutamine by the kidneys increases significantly."
The following antibodies were purchased from Abcam (Cambridge, United Kingdom): glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH, rabbit: ab34786), aspartate aminotransferase (AAT, mouse: ab93928), glutamate decarboxylase 65 and 67 (GAD65 and 67, both mouse: ab26113 and ab26116), phosphate-activated glutaminase (PAG, rabbit: ab93434), and glutamine synthetase (GS, rabbit: ab73593).

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