glutamic acid


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glutamic acid

 [gloo-tam´ik]
a dibasic amino acid, one of the nonessential amino acids; it is also an inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Its hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier. See also monosodium glutamate.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

glu·tam·ic ac·id (E, Glu),

(glū-tam'ik as'id),
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate. Compare: glutamate.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

glutamic acid

(glo͞o-tăm′ĭk)
n.
A nonessential amino acid, C5H9NO4, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins, and having monosodium glutamate as a salt.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

glu·tam·ic ac·id

(E) (glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid that occurs in proteins; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.
Compare: glutamate
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

glutamic acid

Glutamate, an AMINO ACID present in most proteins. One of its salts, MONOSODIUM GLUTAMATE, is widely used as a seasoning and flavouring agent and has been suspected as the cause of the CHINESE RESTAURANT SYNDROME.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
Glutamic acidclick for a larger image
Fig. 172 Glutamic acid . Molecular structure.

glutamic acid (E, Glu)

one of 20 AMINO ACIDS common in proteins that has an extra carboxyl group and is acidic in solution. See Fig. 172 . The ISOELECTRIC POINT of glutamic acid is 3.2.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

glu·tam·ic acid

(glū-tam'ik as'id)
An amino acid; the sodium salt is monosodium glutamate.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Encephalitis associated with glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies in a child: a treatable condition?
The mutation of the residue aspartic acid by a glutamic acid may occur naturally due to a misrepair on the DNA replication and by a substitution of the third nucleotide of the codons GAU and GAC to GAA to GAG, corresponding to aspartic acid and glutamic acid, respectively.
According to Table 1, the pure magnetite has a specific surface area of ~156 [m.sup.2]/g and an average pore size of 5.75 nm while the use of salicylic acid leads to an increased specific surface area and practically no change of the pore size; the use of glutamic acid leads to an important decrease of the specific surface area and an increase of the pore size while the use of trichloroacetic acid leads to a strong increase of the specific surface area (almost two times higher specific surface area compared with reference magnetite) and a corresponding decrease of the average pore size, down to 3.45 nm.
The capacity of colonisation was studied using 40 g of beads in 25 ml of modified Landy medium (pH 7 buffered with MOPS 100 mM without glutamic acid) in 250 ml conical flasks at 30[degrees]C and agitation at 40 rpm.
The two most common forms of DM are type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 (T2DM), with the former resulting from T-cell-mediated autoimmune destruction of b-cells of the pancreas, whereas the latter is characterised by insulin resistance with a non-autoimmune insulin secretory defect.1 Autoimmune DM is characterised by the presence of one or more islet-specific autoantibodies, including islet cell autoantibodies (ICA), insulin (IAA) and autoantibodies directed against the three major islet autoantigens - glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GADA), protein tyrosine phosphatase IA-2A and its isoform IA-2b/phogrin (IA-2bA).2,3
Papaya contains mainly two types of amino alkanoic acid, amino acid and glutamic acid. Amino acid is present in large quantity as compared to glutamic acid.
"We studied seven amino acids -- arginine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, leucine, and tyrosine.
However, protein reduction and supplementation of glutamic acid in the treatment with 15.17% of CP + 0.341% L-glutamic acid promoted higher egg production than the control diet, showing that laying hens of 34-54 weeks of age presents better balance of amino acids in this treatment.
Valine substituted for glutamic acid at the sixth position of the beta chain

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