carbohydrate metabolism

(redirected from Glucose metabolism)
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car·bo·hy·drate me·tab·o·lism

oxidation, breakdown, and synthesis of carbohydrates in the tissues.

carbohydrate metabolism

A general term for any metabolic activity—e.g., breakdown of starches and sugars into smaller units—to be used for energy, or the storage of same in polymeric units—e.g., glycogen storage.
References in periodicals archive ?
Several study groups investigated the impact of cardiac fat depots and demonstrated that there is a relationship to disturbances of glucose metabolism [8-10].
The findings showed that a lack of social participation was associated with 60 per cent higher odds of pre-diabetes and 112 per cent higher odds of Type 2 diabetes in women compared to those with normal glucose metabolism, Health news reported.
Editor's Note:"GLUT4 and GSK-3(3 are important components in an insulin-induced signal transduction pathway that plays a key role in glucose metabolism," authors Mei Dou, PhD, and colleagues explain."Increased expression of GLUT4 has been associated with enhanced glucose translocation from the exterior to the interior of cells in insulin-sensitive tissues and repression of GSK-3(3 has been shown to enhance insulin receptor activity.
Also, osteocalcin is a bone-specific protein that acts as a hormone regulating glucose metabolism. Several studies have indicated that hyperglycemia induces a low turnover rate by evoking osteoblast dysfunction and suppressing serum osteocalcin levels.
Insulin resistance was linked to decreased brain glucose metabolism and predicted worse memory function among late-middle-aged adults at risk for Alzheimer's disease, researchers reported.
It's known that even subclinical insulin resistance can lead to impaired glucose metabolism, making it logical to follow both normal and deranged metabolic pathways to help sort out the relationship between thyroid dysfunction and impaired glucose metabolism, she reported at the International Thyroid Congress.
Likewise, abnormal blood glucose metabolism is considered a modifiable risk factor for CVD.
Data showing improvement in glucose metabolism following treatment with US-based medical device maker GI Dynamics, Inc.'s (ASX: GID) EndoBarrier Therapy (duodenal-jejunal bypass liner or DJBL) suggests that the treatment comes significantly close to improvement achieved with gastric bypass surgery in obese patients with type 2 diabetes, the company said on Tuesday.
The study found that obese participants who did not have glucose metabolism disorders had higher levels of vitamin D than diabetic participants.
"Our findings indicate that vitamin D is associated more closely with glucose metabolism than obesity," said one of the study's authors, Manuel Madas-Gonzalez, PhD, of Complejo Hospitalario de Malaga (Virgen de la Victoria) and the University of Malaga.
TEHRAN (FNA)- A combination of human stem cell transplantation and antidiabetic drugs proved to be highly effective at improving body weight and glucose metabolism in a mouse model of type 2 diabetes.
Background: Cerebral glucose metabolism changes are always observed in patients suffering from malignant tumors.