to raise blood sugar levels by stimulating glucogenolysis and glucogenesis
, increase lipolysis and ketogenesis.
Pinealectomy reduces the glucose tolerance in rats by preventing the hepatic and muscular glucogenesis
resulting in increased insulin resistance (6,25,26).
Alcohol inhibits glucogenesis
and must be consumed with food by patients taking insulin or oral glucose-lowering agents; otherwise hypoglycemia may result, even at blood alcohol levels less than mild intoxication.
These may involve a complex interplay of lipolysis, glucogenesis
, and ketogenesis and transport and utilization of glucose and ketones by the brain and peripheral tissues as discussed previously (5).
He even argues that the body needs no carbohydrates at all because it can produce the carbs it needs from its own body fat and the proteins we eat by a process called glucogenesis
Lipolysis and glucogenesis
create energy sources for cells such as free fatty acids, triglycerides, and glucose, enabling the body to respond appropriately to stressful situations.
Gluconeogenesis from amino acids is one of the mechanisms of hepatic glucogenesis