sorbitol

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sorbitol

 [sor´bĭ-tol]
a six-carbon sugar alcohol from a variety of fruits, found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A pharmaceutical preparation is used as a sweetening agent and osmotic laxative, and in drugs as a tablet excipient, moistening agent, and stabilizer.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol),
A reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of the rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia (family Rosaceae), and in many fruits and seaweeds. It has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; medicinally, it is used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent, and is almost completely metabolized (to CO2 and H2O); accumulates in Type 1 diabetes mellitus; elevated levels can cause osmotic damage.
Synonym(s): sorbite

sorbitol

(sôr′bĭ-tôl′, -tōl′, -tŏl′)
n.
A white, sweetish, crystalline alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, found in various berries and fruits or prepared synthetically and used as a flavoring agent, a sugar substitute for people with diabetes, and a moisturizer in cosmetics and other products.

sorbitol

A polyhydroxyl alcohol or polyol synthesized from glucose by aldose reductase in neural tissue, produced in excess in DM; sorbitol may be further metabolized to fructose, which together cause ↑ osmotic pressure, intracellular edema, Schwann cell swelling, anoxia and nerve demyelination; it has been implicated in diabetic neuropathy; it has been used as an artificial sweetener. Cf Advanced glycosylation endproducts.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol)
Reduction product in many fruits and seaweeds that has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent.

sorbitol

A sweetening agent derived from glucose.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol)
Reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia, and in many other fruits and seaweeds. Has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, we found six lower amino acid metabolites including galactose glucitol, phenylalanine, glutamic acid, Lisoleucine, ornithine, and lysine content of infertile males with KYDS compared with HC (Figure 3).
Altogether 12 saccharides and sugar alcohols (glucose, galactose, fructose, arabinose, xylose, ribose, fucose, cellobiose, glucitol, mannitol, arabitol, and myoinositol) were identified using capillary electrophoresis.
Determination of cellulose contents in liquefaction residues.--The glucose content of the hydrolyzate, after determining the acid-soluble polyphenols content, was determined by first converting it to glucitol acetate in accordance with the TAPPI test method (T 249 cm-00) and then analyzing it by GC (GC-17A; Shimadzu) equipped with an FID and an SP-2380 silica-fused capillary column (30-m by 0.32-mm i.d., 0.25-[micro]m film thickness).
Other ingredients that are part of the aqueous solution can include plant and flower petal extracts, including witch hazel (Hamamelis extracts), or other biologically-active materials such as amino acids (eg L-carnitine) or substances with osmotic activity (eg erythritol or glucitol).
Research firm IMARC Group expects global sorbitol volumes to increase at a CAGR of 2% during 2013-2017, according to its latest report titled “Global Sorbitol (Glucitol) Market Report & Forecast: Market Size, Share, Growth, Production Capacity, Price, Applications, Feedstocks, Manufacturers and Forecast: 2013 - 2017.” The report which has done a comprehensive analysis on the global sorbitol market expects demand to reach 2.5 Million MT by 2017.