glomerulosa cell

glo·mer·u·lo·sa cell

a cell of the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex that is the source of aldosterone; the cells are arranged in spherical or oval groups.

glo·mer·u·lo·sa cell

(glō-mer'yū-lō'să sel)
A cell of the zona glomerulosa of the cortex of the suprarenal gland that is the source of aldosterone; the cells are arranged in spheric or oval groups.
References in periodicals archive ?
Levay-Young, "Changes in the glomerulosa cell phenotype during adrenal regeneration in rats," American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, vol.
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), present in lung converts Angiotensin I into Angiotensin II.8 This angiotensin II via G protein coupled receptor in the glomerulosa cells causes membrane depolarisation, activation and opening of calcium gated channels.
Adenosine increases interleukin 6 release and decreases tumour necrosis factor release from rat adrenal zona glomerulosa cells, ovarian cells, anterior pituitary cells, and peritoneal macrophages.
Hyperkalemia stimulates aldosterone secretion by depolarization of the zona glomerulosa cells and hypokalemia inhibits such depolarization.
Gallo-Payet, "Role of MAPKs in angiotensin II-induced steroidogenesis in rat glomerulosa cells," Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, vol.
However, populations of G cells in culture might be composed of different cell types (capsule, subcapsular, and glomerulosa cells), so the difference in the regulation of Sf-1 and other genes in POD-1-transfected G cells compared with POD-1-transfected F/R cells shown here is not surprising.
In normal physiology, zona glomerulosa cells are typically hyperpolarized because of predominant potassium conductance, primarily mediated by K+ channels (A).
The histological data of myelolipoma associated with primary hyperaldosteronism showed high plasma aldosterone, hypokalemia and suppressed plasma renin activity; the histological study showed a myelolipoma with hyperplasia of glomerulosa cells (Fig.
Several investigators have suggested that major physiological stimulation of aldosterone production by the adrenal zona glomerulosa cells, angiotensin II and potassium, are to a varying degree dependant on extracellur calcium influx to achieve maximum stimulation [18, 19].
Submitochondrial distribution of three key steroidogenic proteins (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and cytochrome P450scc and 3[beta]-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase isomerase enzymes) upon stimulation by intracellular calcium in adrenal glomerulosa cells. J.
Effects of angiotensin II on sodium potassium pumps, endogenous ouabain and aldosterone in bovine zona glomerulosa cells. Hypertension 1999;33:373-7.