glomerule


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Related to glomerule: glomerulus

glo·mer·u·lus

, pl.

glo·mer·u·li

(glō-mer'yū-lŭs, -ū-lī),
1. A plexus of capillaries.
2. A tuft formed of capillary loops at the beginning of each nephric tubule in the kidney; this tuft, with its capsule constitutes the corpusculum renis (renal corpuscle). Synonym(s): malpighian glomerulus, malpighian tuft
3. The twisted secretory portion of a sweat gland.
4. A cluster of dendritic ramifications and axon terminals forming a complex synaptic relationship and surrounded by a glial sheath.
Synonym(s): glomerule
[Mod. L. dim. of L. glomus, a ball of yarn]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

glomerule

(glŏm′ə-ro͞ol′, glŏm′yə-)
n.
1. Botany A dense compact cluster of flowers.
2. Anatomy A glomerulus.

glo·mer′u·late (glō-mĕr′yə-lĭt) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

glo·mer·u·lus

, pl. glomeruli (glō-meryū-lŭs, -lī)
1. A plexus of capillaries.
2. A tuft formed of capillary loops at the beginning of each nephric tubule in the kidney; this tuft with its capsule constitutes the renal corpusculum (malpighian body).
3. The twisted secretory portion of a sweat gland.
4. A cluster of dendritic ramifications and axon terminals forming a complex synaptic relationship and surrounded by a glial sheath.
Synonym(s): Bowman capsule, glomerule.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. glomus, a ball of yarn]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

glo·mer·u·lus

, pl. glomeruli (glō-meryū-lŭs, -lī)
1. A plexus of capillaries.
2. A tuft formed of capillary loops at the beginning of each nephric tubule in the kidney.
3. The twisted secretory portion of a sweat gland.
Synonym(s): Bowman capsule.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. glomus, a ball of yarn]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Agardh) bisexual, flattened, Tseng et Lu arranged in dense glomerules. IV2.1.1.
With administration of PDTC, NF-[kappa]B inhibitor, during 10 weeks following STZ injection, persistence of capillary irregularity in a part of glomerules and tubular damage seen in a lesser extent indicates that, PDTC partially inhibits the tubular damage.
Ninety % of P in the plasma is filtered in the glomerules and 85% of the ultrafiltrate is reabsorbed.
As a result of renal biopsy, increased matrix in the mesangial area, moderate cellular increase, polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PNL) infiltration, mild PNL infiltration in the tubulointerstitial area, mild thickenning in the arterial and arteriolar walls and closing in the capillary loops were observed in a total of 21 glomerules. Granular staining with C3c was observed on immunoflourescent microscopy.
The average number of glomerules in the kidney was 195.09 [+ or -] 84.78 x [10.sup.3] gomerules; a Nv of 17,1 [+ or -] 7.43 glomerules per [mm.sup.3] and a glomerular volume of 4.2 x [10.sup.-4] x [mm.sup.3] [+ or -] 0.8 x [10.sup.-4] x [mm.sup.3].
It is considered to be a more sensitive variable in evaluating glomerular filtration rate because it has a constant production rate, it is filtrated freely from the glomerules and it is not affected by the body muscle mass in contrast to creatinine (25).