The AMF also influence soil structure by binding and enmeshing soil particles into macroaggregates (>250 [micro]m) and by producing glomalin
(Rill ig and Mummey 2006; Treseder and Turner 2007).
The GRSP (easily extractable glomalin
EEG; total glomalin
- TG) in three different classes of aggregates (C1, C2, and C3), as well as the average of the three classes in each area, can be visualized in Table 5.
Singh, "Role of glomalin
related soil protein produced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: a review," Agricultural Science Research Journal, vol.
These accrued results provide strong support in favour of glomalin
as a potential soil conditioner that holds promise in perennial fruits.
as a stable glycoprotein, coats the AMF hyphae and decreases the water and nutrient losses before reaching to plant host.
Key words: Aggregate stability Citrus Glomalin
Glomalin-related soil protein Mycorrhiza Soil organic carbon
also revealed that glomalin
is a rich mixture of proteinaceous, humic, lipid, and inorganic substances .
Rillig M (2004) Arbuscular mycorrhizae, glomalin
, and soil aggregation.
In addition, a negative correlation between AM density and invasive plant (knapweed) cover was recorded (Lutgen & Rillig, 2004) by demonstrating that areas with high knapweed density generally had lower glomalin
concentration and AM hyphal length compared with areas having no or less knapweed cover.
The hyphae and spores of these plant-friendly fungi are coated with a sticky substance called glomalin
, identified and named as recently as 1996 by USDA scientist Sara F.
Pools of organic carbon such as glomalin
produced by AM fungi may even exceed soil microbial biomass by a factor of 10-20 (Rillig et al., 2001).