glial cell


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glial cell

n.
Any of the cells making up the neuroglia, especially the astrocytes, oligodendroglia, and microglia.

glial cell

One of three types of nonneuronal cell in the central nervous system: astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglial cells. SYN neuroglial cell
Synonym: neuroglial cell
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1990, it was suggested that glial cells might express molecular oscillators, which are based on the clock protein PER.
The GL is composed of many olfactory glomeruli, which are round, consisting of a layer of small neurons and glial cells. Under light microscopy, normal microglia (Mig) appeared long or triangular, the chromatin was evenly distributed, the nucleus had a coloring deep, and there were a few thick and short protrusions.
Hol, "Glial cell response after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage--functional consequences and clinical implications," Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease, vol.
However, at 24 hours the floating mass of glial cells had a shrivelled appearance (Figure 3(d)) and flow cytometric analysis indicated 22% of cells were apoptotic (Figure 5).
Most experts agree that in order to keep your glial cells functioning optimally, you should adopt strategies designed to promote overall brain health.
Jill James, a professor of pediatrics at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, and her colleagues report that the neuronal and glial cell toxicity of methylmercury and ethylmercury (as dosed via thimerosal) are both mediated by the depletion of the antioxidant peptide glutathione.
These investigators grew embryonic stem cells in culture and added factors to encourage these cells to develop into oligodendrocytes, the type of glial cell responsible for making the myelin sheath that coats axons in the central nervous system (CNS).
Furthermore, these observations provide evidence that calcein AM can be used to preferentially label the sheath, in particular the glial cell cytosol, in contrast to previous markers of glial cell nuclei, providing a significant new method for evaluating glial-axonal interactions in the living preparation.
A research team from Anhui University of Chinese Medicine in China conducted their study on rats to verify the relationship between acupuncture, neurotrophic factor expression and brain cell structural changes and found that the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor also increased in the ventral tegmental area following acupuncture.