glia cells


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neu·rog·li·a

(nū-rog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation neurogli'a.
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; formerly believed to be merely supporting cells but now thought to have important metabolic functions, in that they are invariably interposed between neurons and the blood vessels supplying the nervous system. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells. The satellite cells of ganglia and the neurolemmal or Schwann cells around peripheral nerve fibers can be interpreted as the oligodendroglia cells of the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): reticulum (2) [TA], glia, Kölliker reticulum
[neuro- + G. glia, glue]

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; thought to have important metabolic functions. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells.
Synonym(s): glia, reticulum (2) .
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]
References in periodicals archive ?
So they wondered if they could use gene therapy to program the switch function into the glia cells of blind mice's eyes without hurting them first.
Lgl1 controls the generation of neurons and glia cells in the developing cortex in two different ways.
Glia cells, especially astrocytes, have been demonstrated to preferentially protect neurons from the oxidative insults in the Nrf2-depedent pathway [49].
Then we had the idea that glia cells such as astrocytes*, which had long been misunderstood as less important 'support cells', might have something to do with transporting sugar into the brain."
Puerarin has been shown to effectively inhibit proinflammatory cytokine production and/or glia cell activation in a variety of diseases [8-10].
The study of molecular mechanisms governing the interaction between brain arterioles, neurons and glia cells (neurovascular coupling) has been halted by the lack of appropriate techniques.
Neurons and glia cells showed the presence of deoxyribonucleic acid, which are the transmitters of genetic information.
Two "short communications" are also offered on enteric glia cells and laparoscopic-assisted ileocecal resections.
Specifically, the partners have succeeded in inducing most of neural cell species including neurons and glia cells from mouse embryonic stem cells.
Among these mechanisms are increased oxidative stress, damage to the mitochondria, interference with the activity of growth factors, effects on glia cells, impaired development and function of chemical messenger systems involved in neuronal communication, changes in the transport and uptake of the sugar glucose, effects on cell adhesion, and changes in the regulation of gene activity dur ing development.
Mainly glia cells secrete apoE in the central nervous system (14-16).
A.Control group: Negative VEGF expression in radicular and funicular cells, VEGF expression in glia cells and vascular endothelium was weakly observed.