glia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

glia

 [gli´ah]
neuroglia; the supporting structure of nervous tissue, consisting, in the central nervous system, of astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia.

neu·rog·li·a

(nū-rog'lē-ă), This word is grammatically singular. Avoid the mispronunciation neurogli'a.
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; formerly believed to be merely supporting cells but now thought to have important metabolic functions, in that they are invariably interposed between neurons and the blood vessels supplying the nervous system. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells. The satellite cells of ganglia and the neurolemmal or Schwann cells around peripheral nerve fibers can be interpreted as the oligodendroglia cells of the peripheral nervous system.
Synonym(s): reticulum (2) [TA], glia, Kölliker reticulum
[neuro- + G. glia, glue]

glia

(glē′ə, glī′ə)
n.

gli′al (glē′əl, glī′əl) adj.

neu·rog·li·a

(nūr-og'lē-ă) [TA]
Nonneuronal cellular elements of the central and peripheral nervous system; thought to have important metabolic functions. In central nervous tissue they include oligodendroglia cells, astrocytes, ependymal cells, and microglia cells.
Synonym(s): glia, reticulum (2) .
[G. neuron, tendon, nerve, + glia, glue]

glia

or

neuroglia

the web of undifferentiated cells that packs and supports nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord.
References in periodicals archive ?
Neuroligin 3 is expressed by neurons but also by glial cells, in particular in the ensheathing glia in olfactory bulb as well as in retinal astrocytes [78].
Benyamin, "The role of glia and the immune system in the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain, " Pain Practice, vol.
These results suggest that, in the squid giant axon, the complex system of neurotransmitter-mediated axon to glia signaling modulates the synthesis, the delivery, or both, of newly synthesized RNA from periaxonal glial cells to the axon, Further work is required to determine whether the same signaling system modulates the transfer of newly synthesized proteins and other glial components to the axon.
And yet somehow the final total number of glia always came to the same number--280--and they always fully infiltrated the bundle of motor neurons they needed to support.
Considering this, an improved DBN with glia chains is introduced in this paper.
Then we had the idea that glia cells such as astrocytes*, which had long been misunderstood as less important 'support cells', might have something to do with transporting sugar into the brain."
This book contains papers written and edited by experts in the field that explore the function and development of glia in great detail.
In developing human cortex, the researchers identified multiple diverse cell types, including radial glia, intermediate progenitors and immature neuronal subtypes.
During embryonic development, SPARC and Hevin have somewhat overlapping expression profiles and are found in radial glia and the developing vasculature (recently described in detail in [34, 35]).
Our work uncovers an interesting function of the glia and will undoubtedly attract more interest into this cell type', says CRTD research group leader Dr.
It is made up of glia cells with multiple long protrusions, which collectively make up a mesh-like organ within the skin.
While glial cells help develop and protect neuron function, too many glia cells disturb connectivity between neurons.