Prior cadaveric shoulder rotator experiments showed that 90Adeg of external shoulder rotator abduction creates instability due to a lack of participation by the biceps brachialis, coracobrachialis, anterior deltoid, major pectoral, and subscapularis, all of which could favour stabilisation of the glenohumeral
girdle.21 Furthermore, the ER are susceptible to major fatigue, which could be a source of variability during strength generation tests.22 Stabilisation straps typically increases reliability in strength as shown in related studies.23 FED does not have its own stabilisation straps.
Under sonography guidance, intra-articular PRP injection was performed into the glenohumeral
joint under sterile conditions via the posterior approach at baseline and on week 2.
(1) Static stabilizers include the capsule, labrum, articular cartilage, and negative intra-articular pressure; of particular importance is the anterior band of the inferior glenohumeral
ligament and the anterio-inferior portion of the capsule, which provide restraint in the abducted and externally rotated position of apprehension.
dislocation is a very rare presentation that is seen less frequently than inferior shoulder dislocations (4, 8).
Rotator cuff disease was found in 88% of cases, making it the most common pathology of glenohumeral
joint, for which MRI was done.
Study population comprised of patients with resistant shoulder pains caused by glenohumeral
external rotation strength is a risk factor that can be easily addressed through a strengthening programme and accurately measured using the author's dynamometry testing protocol.
Caption: Your shoulder is more than just the ball-and-socket (glenohumeral
) joint--it has four joints altogether.
Codman first introduced the term, "Frozen shoulder." It is one among the few conditions that affect the connective tissue forming the capsule of glenohumeral
joint of shoulder.
joint Sepsis caused by Streptococcus mitis: a case report," American Journal of Orthopedics, vol.
On examination, there was a wound around 20 cm on the posterior aspect of the right shoulder extending to the glenohumeral
joint, acromion was exposed, and no active bleeding was present.