glanders


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glanders

 [glan´derz]
a disease of horses that is communicable to humans, caused by Pseudomonas mallei; it is marked by a purulent inflammation of the mucous membranes and an eruption of nodules on the skin that coalesce and break down, forming deep ulcers, which may end in necrosis of cartilage and bones. The more chronic and constitutional form is known as farcy.

glan·ders

(glan'dĕrz),
A chronic debilitating disease of horses and other equids, as well as some members of the cat family, caused by Pseudomonas mallei and transmissible to humans. It attacks the mucous membranes of the nostrils of the horse, producing an increased and vitiated secretion and discharge of mucus, and enlargement and induration of the glands of the lower jaw. Suppurative pneumonia and skin nodules and ulcers are other forms the disease can take. Eradicated in North America and most countries; as of 1999 found only in Brazil, Mongolia and Pakistan.
[O. Fr. glandres, glands]

glanders

(glăn′dərz)
n. (used with a sing. or pl. verb)
A contagious, usually fatal disease of horses and other equids, caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei and characterized by swollen lymph nodes, nasal discharge, and ulcers of the respiratory tract and skin. The disease is communicable to other mammals, including humans.

glan′der·ous adj.

glanders

Infection by Pseudomonas mallei, a gram-negative aerobic bacillus, which affects large domestic animals, most commonly horses, and is rare in the US; human disease occurs in the form of acute, often fatal, septicemia, chronic mucocutaneous disease or pulmonary infection Clinical From cellulitis to necrosis and granulomas with draining ulcers, pleuritis, necrotizing lobar or bronchopneumonia, nasal septal necrosis, fever, chills, malaise, headaches, pustular rash, lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly; chronic disease is associated with hepatosplenomegaly, pulmonary abscess, granulomas Treatment Sulfadiazine, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, aminoglycosides. See Farcy.

glanders

An infectious disease of horses occasionally transmitted to humans. It is caused by the organism Pseudomonas mallei and features chest infection with high fever and prostration or many abscesses throughout the body, especially in the skin.
References in periodicals archive ?
"When you're in the shop, even inexperienced observers can feel it and hear it when there's chatter in cutting," says Glanders. Experienced operators know what the solution is--change the spindle speed.
Glanders has been reported as a laboratory-acquired infection.
"When we started to cross state lines with our marketing and our new offices, we ran into some resistance," Glanders says.
Although the EU gave Bahrain the all-clear from glanders last December, restrictions in the movement of horses between the north and south of the country were still in place as a precautionary measure.
"Glanders has been out of Bahrain for more than six months, so why should we have to wait one more day?
"Industry is very excited about this program," Glanders says, "and the banking community is very excited, too."
The plan comes after government officials were accused of putting the country at risk of glanders by failing to properly enforce a ban on the movement of horses.
An outbreak of glanders is ongoing in equids in Bahrain (6).
Dubai Racing Club chief executive Frank Gabriel said: "We were informed by the Brazilian authorities that a horse had tested positive for glanders in September.
B (high risk) * moderately easy to * Brucellosis spread * moderate illness rates * Glanders and low death rates * Ornithosis (Psittacosis) * require specific * Q fever enhancements of * Viral encephalitis laboratory capacity * Toxins and enhanced disease * Food safety zoonotic monitoring.
The forthcoming dressage is the first external dressage event to be held in Bahrain since the onset of the killer equine disease glanders, and has attracted many entries.
On this occasion, Breef Showjumping Committee chairman Ghalib Al Alawi said the showjumping in Bahrain is finally back in action after a long stop due to horse equine disease 'Glanders', which has devastated the kingdom's equestrian community and looked close to being eradicated from the kingdom's shores.