ginseng

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Related to ginsengs: American ginseng

gin·seng

(jin'seng),
The roots of several species of Panax (family Araliaceae), esteemed as of great medicinal virtue by the Chinese, used extensively as a "nutriceutical"; alleged to improve mental and physical functions.
[Ch.]

ginseng

/gin·seng/ (jin´seng)
1. any herb of the genus Panax>, especially P. ginseng (Chinese g.) and P. quinquefolius (American g.).
2. the root of Chinese or American ginseng, used as a tonic and stimulant.

eleuthero ginseng , Siberian ginseng the shrub Eleutherococcus senticosus, or a preparation of its root, which is used to improve general well-being and for various indications in traditional Chinese medicine.

ginseng

(jĭn′sĕng′)
n.
1. Any of several plants of the genus Panax, especially P. ginseng of East Asia or P. quinquefolius of North America, having small greenish flowers grouped in umbels, palmately compound leaves, and forked roots used in herbal medicine.
2. The roots or preparations of the roots of any of these plants.

ginseng

an herb with red or yellow fruits that is native to the Far East and is now found throughout the world. One species is native to North America.
uses It is used for physical and mental exhaustion, stress, viral infections, diabetes, sluggishness, fatigue, weak immunity, and convalescence and may have some efficacy (e.g., better stress tolerance, reaction times, abstract thinking).
contraindications It should not be used during pregnancy and lactation or in children. It is also contraindicated in those with known hypersensitivity, hypertension, and cardiac disorders.
Alternative medicine An herb used as a herbal remedy, as an anxiolytic and antidepressant
Chinese medicine Any of 22 different deciduous plants, mostly of the Panax family—e.g., Panax ginseng—that are native to Southeast Asia; ginseng root contains panaxin, panax acid, panaquilen, panacen, sapogenin, and ginsenin; it is used in Chinese herbal medicine as a tonic and restorative, and said to have immunologic, hormonal, and stress-reducing effects; it has been used for respiratory infections, gastrointestinal complaints including anorexia, bloating, depression, diarrhoea, vomiting, fatigue, impotence, shock, shortness of breath, stress, increased sweating
Physiologic effects Increased testosterone, corticosteroids, gluconeogenesis, central nervous system activity, increased pulse and blood pressure, gastrointestinal motility, haematopoiesis; decreased cholesterol
Toxicity Ginseng should not be used in patients with asthma, arrhythmias, hypertension, or post-menopausal bleeding
Fringe oncology Ginseng’s effect on cancer is inconclusive; weak data suggest it may have carcinoprotective effects. See Unproven methods for cancer management

ginseng

Pharmacognosy An herb used as a herbal remedy, as an anxiolytic and antidepressant Physiologic effects ↑ testosterone, corticosteroids, gluconeogenesis, CNS activity, HTN, ↑ pulse and BP, GI motility, hematopoiesis; ↓ cholesterol Toxicity Ginseng should not be used in Pts with asthma, arrhythmias, HTN, or post-menopausal bleeding. See Unproven methods for cancer management.

gin·seng

(jin'seng)
(Panax quinquefolius) Herbal with dozens of purported therapeutic properties (e.g., antidepressant, aphrodisiac, sleep aid, systemic panacea); used worldwide by enormous numbers of people.
[Ch.]

ginseng

The root of two perennial Chinese and Korean herbs of the genus Panax—P. quinquefolium or P. schinseng . Ginseng is credited with the power to cure many diseases including cancer, rheumatism and diabetes, and to have powerful aphrodisiac properties. There is no evidence that the herb has any medical or other value.

ginseng,

n Latin names:
Panax ginseng, Panax quinquefolius; part used: roots; uses: adaptogen, im-munostimulant, endurance, fatigue and stress, concentration, tonic, diabetes; occasionally used for hyper-lipidemia, cancer, rheumatism, male infertility and sexual dysfunction; precautions: high blood pressure, cardiac conditions; patients taking anticoagulants, insulin, MAOIs, antidiabetics, stimulants, or ephedra. Also called
American ginseng, Asian ginseng, Asiatic ginseng, Chinese ginseng, five-fingers, Japanese ginseng, jintsam, Korean ginseng, ninjin, Oriental ginseng, schinsent, seng and sang, tartar root, true ginseng, or
Western ginseng.
ginseng, American,
n.pr See gin-seng.
ginseng, Asian (āˑ·zhn jinˑ·sing),
n Latin name:
Panax ginseng; part used: roots; uses: general health, illness protection, antiinflammatory, muscle relaxant, tumor prevention, stimulant; precautions: pregnancy; can cause high blood pressure, diabetes, sleeplessness, diarrhea, painful breasts, mania, vaginal bleeding.
ginseng, eleuthero,
n See ginseng, Siberian.
ginseng, Siberian (sī·bēˑ·rē·n ginˑ·sing),
n.pr Latin names:
Acanthopanax senticosus, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Hedera senticosa; parts used: roots; uses: adaptogen, radio-stimulant, anticancer, immuno-stimulant, immunomodulator, genital herpes, athletic performance, energy, antiinflammatory, insomnia; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children; do not use over three concurrent months; do not use with antidiabetic medications, immunosuppressive medications, cardiac glycosides, stimulants, ephedra. Also called
devil's shrub, Russian ginseng, shigoka, or
touch-me-not.
ginseng, true,
n See ginseng, Asian.

ginseng

a mixture of saponins from the dried root of Panax sp; reputed to have a wide range of pharmacologic properties. Used variously as a stimulant, a sedative and to increase stamina and resistance to disease. Called also Ren Shen in Chinese herbal medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Screening and characterization of endophytic fungi of Panax ginseng Meyer for biocontrol activity against ginseng pathogens.
Anti-hypertensive effect of Korean Red Ginseng by enrichment of ginsenoside Rg3 and arginine-fructose.
Panax ginseng in randomised controlled trials: A systematic review.
Effects and mechanisms of ginseng and ginsenosides on cognition.
A 14-week randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ginseng polysaccharide (Y-75).
Effects of Korean red ginseng extract on behavior in children with symptoms of inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial.
A single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study on the efficacy and safety of "enzyme-treated red ginseng powder complex
High-dose Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) for cancer-related fatigue: A Prelifsecary Report.
Reported toxicity of Asian ginseng and unknown toxicity of recently available Indian ginseng prevented performing any experiments involving human volunteers.
Therefore, the ideal immunoassay for monitoring digoxin in a patient also self-medicated with ginseng should be one that is free from interference of ginseng.
Identification of ginsenosides in roots of panax ginseng by HPLC-APCI/MS.
Effect of Brazilian, Indian, Siberian, Asian and North American ginseng on serum digoxin measurement by immunoassays and binding of digoxin-like immunoreactive components of ginseng with fab fragment of antidigoxin antibody (digibind).