gingival

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gingival

 [jin´jĭ-val]
pertaining to the gingivae.
gingival disease any disease of the gingivae, such as gingivitis. The American Academy of Periodontology classifies gingival disease as a major group of periodontal diseases and distinguishes two main subgroups, those gingival diseases induced by dental plaque and those attributed to other causes. The plaque-induced diseases may be associated with endocrine changes, medications, systemic disease, or malnutrition. The other causes of gingival lesions include viral infections, fungal infections, genetic predispositions, systemic conditions, allergic reactions, traumatic lesions, and a variety of others. See table at periodontal disease.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gin·gi·val

(jin'ji-văl), Although the correct pronunciation is gingi'val, the word is often pronounced gin'gival in the U.S. as shown here.
Relating to the gums.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

gingival

(jĭn′jə-vəl, jĭn-jī′-)
adj.
Of or relating to the gums.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

gin·gi·val

(jin'ji-văl)
Relating to the gums.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

gingival

Pertaining to the gums.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

gin·gi·val

(jin'ji-văl)
Relating to the gums.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Human gingival fibroblast cells (hGFC) were plated at a density of 1 x 10 (5) cell per well and incubated overnight at 37[degrees]C and under 5% C[O.sup.2] in 96-well plates to facilitate cell attachment and spreading before experimentation.
Pulp and gingival fibroblasts are highly exposed to resin monomers after releasing from composite fillings to the oral cavity and this materials cause morphological changes and inflammatory reaction in cell (11).
Annunziata, "Human gingival fibroblast functions are stimulated by oxidized nano-structured titanium surfaces," Journal of Dentistry, vol.
Quiles et al., "Autophagy in periodontitis patients and gingival fibroblasts: unraveling the link between chronic diseases and inflammation," BMC Medicine, vol.
This is also in agreement with results of our group showing that 0.05% of chlorhexidine kills the gingival fibroblast cells within seconds (Albabtain et al.
To examine the basal mRNA expression of GRGD binding receptor integrin av (ITG av) and integrin [sz]3 in cells, the purchased human gingival fibroblast cell line, AG09319 (Coriell Institute for Medical Research, Camden, NJ, USA) and the MT3T3-E1 osteoblast cell line (ATCC [sup][R] CRL-2593[sup]™ , American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, VA, USA) were further selected and used.
Low level 809-nm diode laser-induced in vitro stimulation of the proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts. Lasers Surg Med.
The cytotoxicity tests were performed with mouse fibroblasts (L929) and human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs).
Cyclosporine--A inhibits MMP-2 and -9 activities in the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide: an experiment in human gingival fibroblast and U937 macrophage co-culture.J Periodontal Res 47, 431-438.
Inhibition of elastin and collagen networks degradation in human skin by gingival fibroblast. In vitro, ex vivo and in vivo studies.