gingiva


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to gingiva: attached gingiva

gingiva

 [jin-ji´vah, jin´jĭ-vah] (pl. gin´givae) (L.)
the part of the oral mucosa covering the tooth-bearing border of the jaw; called also gum.
Anatomical relationship of normal gingiva in facial view (A) and in cross-section (B). From Darby and Walsh, 1994.
alveolar gingiva attached gingiva.
areolar gingiva the portion attached to the alveolar process by loose areolar connective tissue.
attached gingiva that portion of the gingiva which is firm and resilient and is bound to the underlying cementum and the alveolar bone, thus being immovable. Called also alveolar gingiva.
free gingiva the portion that surrounds the tooth and is not directly attached to the tooth surface.

gin·gi·va

, gen. and pl.

gin·gi·vae

(jin'ji-vă, -vē), [TA] Although the correct pronunciation is gingi'va, the word is often pronounced gin'giva in the U.S.
The dense fibrous tissue and overlying mucous membrane enveloping the alveolar processes of the upper and lower jaws and surrounding the necks of the teeth.
Synonym(s): gum2
[L.]

gingiva

(jĭn′jə-və, jĭn-jī′-)
n. pl. gingi·vae (-vē′)
See gum2.

gin·gi·va

, pl. gingivae (jin'ji-vă, -vē) [TA]
The dense fibrous tissue, covered by mucous membrane, that envelops the alveolar processes of the upper and lower jaws and surrounds the necks of the teeth.
Synonym(s): gum (2) .
[L.]

gingiva

The gum.

gin·gi·va

, pl. gingivae (jin'ji-vă, -vē) [TA]
Dense fibrous tissue and overlying mucous membrane enveloping alveolar processes of upper and lower jaws and surrounding necks of teeth.
Synonym(s): gum (1) .
[L.]

Patient discussion about gingiva

Q. What are the opportunities to restore gums? My gum on the lower jaw gets less and less, opening the roots of my teeth. Is there any technology or recurement to stop it and, hopefully, draw back?

A. Treatment of receding gums start with treating the cause - improving overall oral hygiene, including brushing habits (too powerful brushing may damage the gums), as well as periodic tooth cleaning at the dentist.

More sever situation may necessitate treatments done by a dentist. Consulting one may be wise.

You may read more here:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/1136.htm

Q. Is it dangerous to swallow a bubble gum? My 4 year old child always swallows his chewing gum and I am worried that it can harm him

A. what about when your 45 yrs old and still swallowing gum? we had a debate with my older sister about this.

More discussions about gingiva
References in periodicals archive ?
Since recurrence could be expected within a few months after surgery and the gingiva may return to the original condition within a few years, the patient may have to undergo repeated gingivectomy procedures.
If the gingival thickness was <1 mm, the gingiva was classified as thin biotype; if it was >1 mm, the gingiva was classified as thick biotype (8).
Caption: Figure 16: New waxing of the crowns and gingiva. Source: Dental Design Laboratory.
In addition, HCC nearly always spreads to the gingiva of upper jaw rather than to that of lower jaw, nevertheless, the reasons for which remains unknown [17].
There was significant correlation between the mucosal discoloration score and the spectrophotometric color difference between the peri-implant mucosa and the natural gingiva, which demonstrated the validation of the subjective index score of mucosal discoloration score.
The duration of 21 days was chosen as that time allows the parameter study on the gingiva and was enough to study the inflammation of the gingiva without causing any irreversible problem in it.
Keratinocytes and fibroblasts were isolated from skin and gingiva tissue and cultured as described earlier [28].
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study evaluating the effect of age on GCF LL-37 levels during the gingival inflammation or in the healthy state of the gingiva. Our findings indicate that the presence of gingival inflammation increased the LL-37 levels in GCF; however, this does not vary according to subjects being young or middle-aged.
The accumulation of these pathogenic bacteria can be promoted if the characteristics of the gingiva are altered so that places for bacterial attachment become available.
As a first step towards overcoming these limitations, skin and gingiva equivalents (SE, GE, respectively) have been developed.
If the gingiva has been given a chance to develop further, the gums will recede from the teeth, creating small pockets where bacteria, plaque and tartar can build up.
(2011), sildenafil without causing any changes to the application of alveolar bone and gingiva pulp underline that caused the increase vascularity.