gigantism


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gigantism

 [ji-gan´tizm, ji´gan-tizm]
abnormal overgrowth of the body or a part; excessive size and stature. Generally applied to a rare abnormality of the pituitary gland, which secretes excessive growth hormone before the growing ends of the bones have closed. This causes a child to become an unusually tall adult; if the abnormality is extreme, the individual may reach a height of 2.4 meters (8 feet) or more, although the body proportions usually are normal.

The opposite condition, dwarfism, is caused by underproduction of the same hormone. (Overproduction of growth hormone in adults causes acromegaly.) Gigantism can be corrected only by early diagnosis in childhood and removal by surgery of part of the pituitary gland or by x-ray treatment.
cerebral gigantism gigantism in the absence of increased levels of growth hormone, attributed to a cerebral defect; infants are large, and accelerated growth continues for the first 4 or 5 years, the rate being normal thereafter. The hands and feet are large, the head is large, narrow and long, and the eyes have an antimongoloid slant with an abnormally wide space between them. The child is clumsy, and mental retardation of varying degree is usually present. Called also Sotos syndrome.
pituitary gigantism that caused by oversecretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland; see gigantism. Called also Launois syndrome.

gi·gan·tism

(jī'gan-tizm, jī-gan'tizm),
A condition of abnormal size or overgrowth of the entire body or of any of its parts.
Synonym(s): giantism
[G. gigas, giant]

gigantism

(jī-găn′tĭz′əm)
n.
1. The quality or state of being gigantic; abnormally large size.
2. Excessive growth of the body or any of its parts, especially as a result of oversecretion of the growth hormone by the pituitary gland. Also called giantism.

gi·gan·tism

(jī-gant'izm)
A condition of abnormal size or overgrowth of the entire body or of any of its parts.
Synonym(s): giantism.
[G. gigas, giant]

gigantism

Excessive body growth. This is usually the result of an abnormal production of growth hormone by the pituitary gland in childhood, before the growing ends of the bones (the epiphyses) have fused. The excess hormone production is almost always due to a benign tumour-a pituitary adenoma. The height may exceed 2.4 m. Excess growth hormone after fusion of the epiphyses causes ACROMEGALY.

gigantism

a rare human condition in which excess production of GROWTH HORMONE by the anterior PITUITARY GLAND during childhood and adolescence causes over-elongation of bones, producing a pituitary giant. See also ACROMEGALY. Compare DWARFISM.

Gigantism

Excessive growth, especially in height, resulting from overproduction during childhood or adolescence of growth hormone by a pituitary tumor. Untreated, the tumor eventually destroys the pituitary gland, resulting in death during early adulthood. If the tumor develops after growth has stopped, the result is acromegaly, not gigantism.
Mentioned in: Growth Hormone Tests

gi·gan·tism

(jī-gant'izm)
A condition of abnormal size or overgrowth of the entire body or of any of its parts. Also called giantism.
References in periodicals archive ?
It wasn't medically diagnosed, but Anna probably had gigantism, which occurs when a tumour in the pituitary gland causes the release of excessive growth hormones.
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare congenital form of localized gigantism. It is characterized by slow and progressive overgrowth of mesenchymal elements, especially fibroadipose tissue.
"Our research suggests gigantism in eucalypts evolved opportunistically within the last 20,000,000 years when the ideal environmental conditions for rapid tree growth were combined with the presence of wildfire."
A cephalometric study was done on two female patients suffering from gigantism, due to excess of GH.
Vovkovinskiy, who suffers from a condition called pituitary gigantism, said all he wants are shoes that fit so he can get outside, walk his dog, and enjoy his life.
The size of cruise ships is a problem, participants said: a fashion for gigantism' creates floating towns' (there were 4,229 people on board the Costa Concordia), which in turn creates problems in terms of risk prevention, evacuation in the case of an accident and the training of staff (captains and crews).
Gigantism in worms may, in principle, represent an evolutionary, advantage in nutrient-deficient soils by permitting enhanced nutrient absorption due to a longer gut, but experimental support for this notion is lacking (see below).
While Fricke doesn't discount this theory, he believes that seasonal sojourns to areas rich in vegetation also played a part in the evolution of gigantism in sauropods.
"His condition involves gigantism and it means he's grown out of his old seat.
After several years living in quiet seclusion, Jinny Bunford died at the age of 26 in 1922, the cause of death being given as hyperpituitarism and gigantism.
Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a congenital local gigantism of the hand and foot characterized by proliferation of all mesenchymal components, particularly fibroadipose tissue.