gestalt psychology


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Related to gestalt psychology: Humanistic psychology, gestalt therapy

psychology

 [si-kol´o-je]
the science dealing with the mind and mental processes, especially in relation to human and animal behavior. adj., adj psycholog´ic, psycholog´ical.
analytic psychology (analytical psychology) the system of psychology founded by Carl Gustav Jung, based on the concepts of the collective unconscious and the complex.
clinical psychology the use of psychologic knowledge and techniques in the treatment of persons with emotional difficulties.
community psychology the application of psychological principles to the study and support of the mental health of individuals in their social sphere.
criminal psychology the study of the mentality, the motivation, and the social behavior of criminals.
depth psychology the study of unconscious mental processes.
developmental psychology the study of changes in behavior that occur with age.
dynamic psychology psychology stressing the causes and motivations for behavior.
environmental psychology study of the effects of the physical and social environment on behavior.
experimental psychology the study of the mind and mental operations by the use of experimental methods.
forensic psychology psychology dealing with the legal aspects of behavior and mental disorders.
gestalt psychology gestaltism; the theory that the objects of mind, as immediately presented to direct experience, come as complete unanalyzable wholes or forms that cannot be split into parts.
individual psychology the psychiatric theory of Alfred adler, stressing compensation and overcompensation for feelings of inferiority and the interpersonal nature of a person's problems.
physiologic psychology (physiological psychology) the branch of psychology that studies the relationship between physiologic and psychologic processes.
social psychology psychology that focuses on social interaction, on the ways in which actions of others influence the behavior of an individual.

ge·stalt·ism

(ge-stahlt'izm),
The theory in psychology that the objects of mind come as complete forms or configurations which cannot be split into parts; for example, a square is perceived as such rather than as four discrete lines.
[see gestalt]

Gestalt psychology

n.
The school or theory in psychology holding that psychological, physiological, and behavioral phenomena are irreducible experiential configurations not derivable from a simple summation of perceptual elements such as sensation and response.

gestalt psychology

Psychiatry A school of psychology that emphasizes a total perceptual configuration and interrelationships of its components

ge·stalt·ism

, gestalt psychology (ge-stahlt'izm, ges-tahlt' sī-kol'ŏ-jē)
The theory in psychology that the objects of mind come as complete forms or configurations that cannot be split into parts; e.g., a square is perceived as such rather than as four discrete lines.

gestalt psychology

A school of psychology that held that phenomena, to be understood, must be viewed as structured, organized whole entities (gestalten). Thus the gestalt of a melody remains recognizable whether it be sung, played on a flute or heavily orchestrated. Gestalt theories have had an impact on the physiology of perception, but the philosophic view that psychological phenomena are irreducible gestalts no longer commands much support.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Gestalt psychology research, radiologists read the images with the eyes and the brain.
Gestalt psychology emphasises perception of totalities rather than a cataloguing of individual elements and the registration of the minimum detail necessary for classification; cognitive theorists stress resistance to change and fragmentation to avoid dissonance; mass communication theorists contribute uses and gratification theories.
One place where visual thinking has found applications is in a growing field called the "psychology of art." Specifically, Rudolph Arnheim and his disciples have been applying gestalt psychology to the creation, interpretation, and teaching of art (1969, 1986, 1993).
"The people practices that have evolved in Silicon Valley over the past 20 years come closer to a kind of corporate gestalt psychology than any other management philosophy I have ever encountered."
The existential-phenomenological approach, with its connection to gestalt psychology with emphasis on the ethical empathic role of the researcher, has been delineated in an expanded series of articles (Valle & Halling, 1989; Valle, 1998) first published as Existential-Phenomenological Alternatives for Psychology (Valle & King, 1978).
In his 1929 book Gestalt Psychology, Wolfgang Kohler described a classic experiment that uncovered a striking consistency in the names people picked for two abstract drawings.
Thus, after sketching briefly the Freudian approach, Argenton takes care of gestalt psychology by embarking on ample citations of my own work.
LS: The reference to Gestalt psychology is appropriate for the period when Bataille formulated the informe, but what we now know about the physiological act of seeing is at variance with these Cartesian axes.
What do you get when you combine 100 corrections staff, 300 inmates, a bunch of videotapes and a lot of multisyllabic words, like constructive motivation and Gestalt psychology, in a classroom?
Influenced by Oriental mysticism, Gestalt psychology, and an Artaudian desire to abolish the distinction between art and life, The Living Theatre moved toward deliberately shocking and confronting its audiences.
Schiller also obtained a temporary position teaching courses in comparative psychology, Gestalt psychology, and the history of psychology during the summer session at the University of Chicago in 1948.
Ellis A Sourcebook in Gestalt Psychology, 1938) might have alerted Crump to the need for a more cogent reflection on the 'elementary cognition' of number, or the place of this cognition in human activity in general, esoteric or not.