genu valgum

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Related to genu valgum: genu varum


 [je´nu] (pl. ge´nua) (L.)
genu extror´sum genu varum.
genu intror´sum genu valgum.
genu recurva´tum hyperextensibility of the knee joint.
genu val´gum a childhood deformity, developing gradually, in which the knees rub together or “knock” in walking and the ankles are far apart; the most common causes are irregularity in growth of the long bones of the lower limb (sometimes from injury to the bone ends at the knee) and weak ligaments. The weight of the body, which is not supported properly, turns the knees in and the weak lower legs buckle until the ankles are spread far apart. See illustration. Called also knock-knee.

Genu valgum in young children varies in seriousness. Milder cases may disappear after early childhood as bones, ligaments, and muscles strengthen and coordination improves. More serious cases can often be corrected by strengthening exercises and by proper manipulation of the joints. Sometimes braces are used to ensure the proper alignment of growing legs. In a very young child, genu valgum involves only the soft bone ends where the bone grows. If allowed to continue for a number of years, the condition can lead to abnormal developments in body structure. The sooner corrective measures are taken, the more effective the treatment is likely to be.
Genu varum and genu valgum. From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
genu va´rum an outward curvature of one or both lower limbs near the knee; see illustration. Called also bowleg.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ge·nu val·'gum

a deformity marked by lateral angulation of the leg in relation to the thigh.
Synonym(s): knock-knee, tibia valga
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
An internal deviation of the knee joint and outward angulation of the lower legs—the knees touch, the ankles are separated; some degree of knock knee is present in all children from 2 to 6 years of age; most autocorrect with time. The degree of knock knee is determined by measuring the distance between the medial malleoli—ankles; knock knee may be seen in Ellis-van Creveld syndrome, rickets, or a complication of epiphysiodesis
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

genu valgum

Knock knees Orthopedics A frontal plane deformity at the knee in which the distal tibia is directed away from the midline/median sagittal plane; GV is usually associated with coxa vara–the knees are together and ankles apart and the Pt has an awkward gait, where the knees rubbing together ↑ side-to-side movement of the pelvis and trunk. See Coxa vara.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ge·nu val·gum

(jē'nyū val'gŭm)
A deformity marked by lateral angulation of the leg in relation to the thigh.
Synonym(s): knock-knee, tibia valga.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


(je'nu) plural.genua [L.]
1. The knee.
2. Any structure of angular form resembling a bent knee.
Enlarge picture

genu recurvatum

Hyperextension at the knee joint.
See: illustration

genu valgum

Valgus knee.

genu varum

Varus knee.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

genu valgum

Knock knee. Some degree of genu valgum occurs normally in about one infant in five but this has usually corrected itself spontaneously by the age of seven. It may also be caused by RICKETS and is not uncommon in RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Genu valgum

Deformity in which the legs are curved inward so that the knees are close together, nearly or actually knocking as a person walks with ankles widely apart of each other.
Mentioned in: Heel Spurs
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result of bone and joint abnormalities, MPS VI patients often develop hip dysplasia, genu valgum, growth retardation, and gross abnormalities of the spine such as kyphosis or scoliosis.
Malalingments were as follows: genu varum (n=26), genu valgum (n=6), pes cavus (n=16), pes planus (n=2), and out-toeing (n=10).
All patients had skeletal manifestation including short trunk dwarfism, odontoid hypoplasia, pectus carinatum, kyphosis, gibbous, scoliosis, genu valgum, coxa valga, and hypermobile joint.
The radiographs of the lower limbs showed the following features: short tibia (with exostosis) and fibula bones bilaterally (figure 3), bowed legs with "knock knees" (genu valgum) (figure 3), postaxial polydactyly in the left foot with the absence of the terminal phalange in the extra digit, and a clinodactyl right great toe.
Genu valgum and absence of foot arches with generalized muscle wasting were also noted.
Also, another explanation of more common accidents in women is the deficit of proprioceptive sense which can lead to a low control in extremities, which causes genu valgum and thus the increased pressure on the knee ligaments.
Variants in lower extremity anatomy and alignment, including high Q angles, genu valgum, or patellofemoral dysplasia, can contribute to patellar maltracking and additionally induce patellar instability.
Also have pachymeningitis cervicalis (compression of the cervical cord secondary to glycosaminoglycans accumulation in the dura), claw-hand deformity, genu valgum, painful feet and pes cavus.
As the child attained the height of 122 cm, there was a limb length discrepancy of 2 cm along with genu valgum of about 10 degrees with medial axis deviation of 33 degrees on right side.
[1-4] Intrinsic factors such as deviant quadriceps angles (Q-angles), genu varum, genu valgum, rear foot varus and rear foot valgus have been associated with vulnerability to knee and ankle injuries.
Genu valgum is the medical term for knocked knees - inward curving of the legs so the knees touch, causing the feet to be kept apart.