Haplotypes were tested by API 50CHB strips (BioMerieux, Inc., France) for utilization of the following substrates: glycerol, erythritol, D-arabinose, L-arabinose, ribose, D-xylose, L-xylose, Adonitol, B-methyl xyloside, galactose, glucose, fructose, mannose, L-sorbose, rhamnose, dulcitol, inositol, sorbitol, mannitol, L-methyl-D-mannoside, D-methyl-D-glucoside, N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, arbutin, aesculin, salicin, cellobiose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, Trehalose, gentiobiose
, melibiose, raffinose, melezitose, starch, glycogen, inulin, D-turanose, D-tagatose, D-fucose, L-fucose, D-lyxose, D-arabitol, L-arabitol, xylitol, gluconate, and 2,5-ketogluconate.
Freese, himself, failed to demonstrate hydrolysis of gentiobiose
, the integral part of amygdalin, in mammalian tissue.
The reducing disaccharides are maltose, isomaltose, cellobiose, gentiobiose
, xylobiose, mannobiose, and lactose.
A study on 17 leafy vegetables from Brassica species other than Brassica oleracea led to identification of 71 phenolic compounds consisting of kaempferol 3-0-diglucoside-7-0-glucoside derivatives, isorhamnetin 3-0-glucoside-7-0-glucoside hydroxycinnamoyl gentiobioses
, hydroxycinnamoylmalic acids, and hydroxycinnamoylquinic acids (Lin, L.Z., and Harnly, J.M., 2010).