gentiobiose


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gen·ti·o·bi·o·se

(jen'shē-ō-bī'ōs),
A disaccharide containing two d-glucopyranose molecules linked β-1,6; a structural moiety in many compounds (for example, amygdalin).
Synonym(s): amygdalose

gen·ti·o·bi·ose

(jen'shē-ō-bī'ōs)
A disaccharide containing two d-glucopyranose molecules linked β-1,6; a structural moiety in many compounds (amygdalin).
Synonym(s): amygdalose.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, GB-8 was inferred to be 1-(O-trans-3",4"-dihydroxy-5"-methoxy)-O-trans-cinnamoyl gentiobiose.
Haplotypes were tested by API 50CHB strips (BioMerieux, Inc., France) for utilization of the following substrates: glycerol, erythritol, D-arabinose, L-arabinose, ribose, D-xylose, L-xylose, Adonitol, B-methyl xyloside, galactose, glucose, fructose, mannose, L-sorbose, rhamnose, dulcitol, inositol, sorbitol, mannitol, L-methyl-D-mannoside, D-methyl-D-glucoside, N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, arbutin, aesculin, salicin, cellobiose, maltose, lactose, sucrose, Trehalose, gentiobiose, melibiose, raffinose, melezitose, starch, glycogen, inulin, D-turanose, D-tagatose, D-fucose, L-fucose, D-lyxose, D-arabitol, L-arabitol, xylitol, gluconate, and 2,5-ketogluconate.
Freese, himself, failed to demonstrate hydrolysis of gentiobiose, the integral part of amygdalin, in mammalian tissue.
Botryosphaeran, a water-soluble exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by the ascomyceteous fungus, Botryosphaeria rhodina MAMB-05, consists of a linear backbone chain comprising (1[right arrow]3)-[beta]-D-glucopyranosyl groups to which are attached to the branched chains of (1[right arrow]6)-linked [beta]-glucosyl and diglucosyl (gentiobiose) residues [1].
The reducing disaccharides are maltose, isomaltose, cellobiose, gentiobiose, xylobiose, mannobiose, and lactose.
A study on 17 leafy vegetables from Brassica species other than Brassica oleracea led to identification of 71 phenolic compounds consisting of kaempferol 3-0-diglucoside-7-0-glucoside derivatives, isorhamnetin 3-0-glucoside-7-0-glucoside hydroxycinnamoyl gentiobioses, hydroxycinnamoylmalic acids, and hydroxycinnamoylquinic acids (Lin, L.Z., and Harnly, J.M., 2010).