gentian


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Related to gentian: gentian violet

gentian

 [jen´shan]
the dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea.
gentian violet an antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic dye, applied topically in the treatment of infections of the skin and mucous membranes associated with gram-positive bacteria and molds and also used to treat banked blood drawn from patients in areas endemic for Chagas' disease, to kill trypanosomes in the blood.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn, gen'shŭn rūt),
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.

gentian

(jĕn′shən)
n.
1. Any of numerous plants of the family Gentianaceae and especially the genus Gentiana, characteristically having opposite leaves and showy, often blue flowers.
2. The dried rhizome and roots of a yellow-flowered European gentian, G. lutea, sometimes used as a tonic.

gentian

A perennial herb that contains gentiopicrin, gentiamarin, gentisin, gentianose, triterpenes, volatile oil and xanthones.
 
Chinese medicine
Gentian root is anti-inflammatory and antipyretic, and is used to treat cholecystitis, diabetes mellitus, diarrhoea, gallstones, jaundice, and ocular and rheumatic pain. 

Herbal medicine
Gentian is used in Western herbal medicine as a digestive tonic to increase the appetite, peristalsis and flow of bile.
 
Toxic effects
Vomiting.

gen·tian

, gentian root (jen'shŭn rūt)
The dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (family Gentianaceae), an herb of southern and central Europe; a simple bitter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dickinson's gentian, a late autumn flower, crow, an unwanted bird, and bat, a secluded eccentric exemplify these spiritual features though each of them with different manifestations and emphasis.
In recent years, rapidly increasing demand and excessive excavation results in less large-leaved gentian wild resources (Ma, 2005), therefore it has been listed as one of the nationally particularly protected wild herbs.
Gentian reagents on the Cobas system reached the optimal level in pools 1 and 2, the desirable level in pool 3, and the minimum level in pool 4.
Nine automated CystC reagent-analyzer combinations were evaluated: Thermo Fisher on KoneLab (Thermo Fisher Scientific); Siemens on BN II, ProSpec, Vista (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics); Dako reagents (DakoCytomation) on ARCHITECT (Abbott Laboratories), Beckman Immage (Beckman Coulter), and Olympus AU2700 (Olympus), Gentian (Gentian) reagents on ARCHITECT and Roche Tina-quant on Modular (Roche Diagnostics).
Collection of gentian roots has traditionally been a supplement to the family income.
The objective of this study was to review outcome data on the clinical effectiveness of simple regimens (topical gentian violet, oral cephalexin, combination therapy with topical gentian violet and oral cephalexin) used for the treatment of omphalitis in primary care settings in three low-income communities in Karachi, Pakistan, where hospital referral was not feasible.
Gentian violet exhibits activity against biofilms formed by oral Candida isolates obtained from HIV-infected patients.
Upper Teesdale SSSI is a unique botanical time capsule where plants such as the Teesdale sandwort Teesdale rock-rose, and Spring gentian have existed in splendid isolation for 12,000 years.
The damaged HMS Cassandra, HMS Gentian and HMS Myrtle were found near the island of Saaremaa about 90 miles south-west of Estonian capital Tallinn.
Gentian Cystatin C Immunoassay (CYSX) is an assay for the quantitative determination of cystatin C in human serum and plasma.
The family received friends Wednesday, July 22, 2009 from 6 to 8 PM at McMullen Funeral Home, 3874 Gentian Blvd., Columbus, GA 31907.
Treatment for oral thrush in HIV/AIDS patients with lemon juice and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) and gentian violet.