genome


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Related to genome: Human genome, Genome sequencing

genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Il a declare que les nouvelles technologies d'edition du genome sont tres prometteuses et pleines d'espoir pour ceux qui souffrent de maladies que l'on croyait autrefois incurables.
The digital genome technology allows the scientists to convert a large amount of data into more sorted and simpler format which help them in solving the problems.
Elaborating on the method used, Dr Uddin said, "The team and I are sequencing or reading a whole genome of a boy with autism through nanopore sequencing; a technology that allows long read DNA sequencing.
Unlike standard approaches that rely on the same sequencing technology that delivered the so-called $1,000 genome, the team's approach relies on reconstructing the whole genome from a newer technology that is capable of reading much larger pieces of the genome.
When a descendant of the cell is infected with a virus, the sequence will be compared to the viral genome. If a similar virus has infected a cell's parent, the descendant will recognize it, and ad hoc machinery will destroy it.
By application, the genome editing/genome engineering market is segmented into cell line engineering, genetic engineering, and other applications (diagnostics and therapeutics).
An international team of scientists from the 1000 Genomes Project Consortium has created the world's largest catalog of genomic differences among humans, providing researchers with powerful clues to help them establish why some people are susceptible to various diseases.
In addition to providing genome sequencing and interpretation to individuals such as Ozzy Osbourne and other high profile early adopters, Knome's most valuable technology is knoSYS, a genome interpretation software platform.
We must also remember that a genome sequence is only the first step; it must be followed up with genetic counseling and evidence-based care.
He revealed that the Saudi genome project is the first genomic map for Arabs in the Middle East and the Islamic world.
The zebrafish genome has some unique features, not seen in other vertebrates.
Professor Neil Hall, from the University of Liverpool, lead author of the research published in the journal Nature, said: "Wheat is a large and complex genome, arguably the most complex genome to be sequenced to date.