genital wart


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con·dy·lo·ma a·cu·mi·na·'tum

a contagious projecting warty growth on the external genitals or at the anus, consisting of fibrous overgrowths covered by thickened epithelium showing koilocytosis, due to sexual contact with infection by human papillomavirus; it is usually benign, although malignant change has been reported, associated with particular types of the virus.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

genital wart

n.
A pointed papilloma typically found on the skin or mucous membranes of the anus and external genitalia, caused by a human papillomavirus transmitted through sexual contact. Also called condyloma acuminatum, venereal wart.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

genital wart

An asymptomatic verrucous tumor induced by HPV, found primarily on the orogenital mucosa, which can be transmitted to an infant during childbirth; GWs are the most common STD in the US Effects GWs, depending on HPV type, ↑ risk of cervical CA. See Cervical cancer, Condyloma acuminatum, HPV, Pap smear.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

con·dy·lo·ma a·cu·mi·na·tum

(kon-di-lō'mă ă-kū-mi-nā'tŭm)
A warty growth on the external genitals or at the anus, consisting of fibrous overgrowths covered by thickened epithelium showing koilocytosis, due to sexually transmitted infection with human papillomavirus; malignant change is associated with particular types of the virus.
Synonym(s): genital wart, venereal wart.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
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GENITAL WARTS

genital wart

A wart of the genitalia, caused by strains of human papillomavirus (HPV) some of which are transmitted by sexual contact. In women they may be associated with cancer of the cervix and vulva. An estimated 1 million new cases of genital warts occur each year in the U.S., making genital warts the most common sexually transmitted illness. They commonly occur with other genital infections, and grow rapidly in the presence of heavy perspiration, poor hygiene, or the hormonal changes related to pregnancy. Synonym: venereal wart See: illustration

Treatment

A variety of therapies, including topically applied chemicals such as podophyllin (10% to 25% in compound tincture of benzoine), trichloroacetic acid, or dichloroacetic acid usually remove small warts; other treatments include CO2 laser therapy, cryosurgery, electrocautery, 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod, and recombinant interferon alfa-2a. Nevertheless, there is no completely safe and effective therapy available for genital warts.

Patient care

A history is obtained for unprotected sexual contact with a partner with known infection, a new partner, or multiple partners. Standard precautions are used to examine the patient, to collect a specimen, or to perform associated procedures. The health care professional inspects the genitalia for warts growing on the moist genital surfaces, such as the subpreputial sac, the urethral meatus, and less commonly, the penile shaft or scrotum in male patients and the vulva and vaginal and cervical wall in female patients. Multiple warts have a cauliflower-like appearance. The patient usually reports no other symptoms, as the warts are generally painless, but a few complain of itching and pain. Diagnosis usually is made by visual inspection, but darkfield examination of wart cell scrapings may be used to differentiate HPV warts from those associated with second-stage syphilis. Biopsy is indicated if cancer is suspected. A nonthreatening, nonjudgmental atmosphere is provided to encourage the patient to verbalize feelings about perceived changes in sexual behavior and body image. Sexual abstinence or condom use during intercourse is recommended until healing is complete. The patient must inform sexual partners about the risk for genital warts and the need for evaluation. The patient should be tested for human immunodeficiency virus and for other sexually transmitted diseases. Genital warts can recur and the virus can mutate, causing warts of a different strain. The patient should report for weekly treatment until all warts are removed and then schedule a checkup for 3 months after all warts have disappeared. If podophyllin is applied, the patient is taught to remove it with soap and water 4 to 6 hrs after the application. Female patients should have a Papanicolaou test on a schedule recommended by their health care providers.

See also: wart
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

con·dy·lo·ma a·cu·mi·na·tum

(kon-di-lō'mă ă-kū-mi-nā'tŭm)
A warty growth on the external genitals or at the anus.
Synonym(s): genital wart, venereal wart.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Genital HPV infections are transmitted primarily through sexual contact.3 Most genital warts develop 1 to 8 months (average 3 months) after infection.
Comparing the impact of genital warts on QoL with other studies is challenging since the Iranian population has significant cultural, religious, and ethnic differences with other countries.
Results: Genital warts were relieved in 107 out of the 110 cases (cure rate: 97.3%).
Gardasil also protects women against vaginal and vulvar cancers and protects both men and women against most genital warts and anal cancers.
How long genital warts last depends mostly on how fast your immune system recognizes HPV and responds to clear it from your body.
Patients with genital warts were invited to participate in the study and after signing the Informed Consent, the following data were studied: age, education, marital status/current relationship, past sexual behavior, condom use, smoking, as well as the location of genital warts.
- It is estimated that up to 65% of people who have sex with a person who has genital warts will become infected and transmit the disease to others.
Although they can be lobulated, they do not have the classic digitate projections that are characteristic of genital warts. A nonpruritic, symmetric, "raw ham"-colored papular eruption on a patient's trunk, palms, and soles is also characteristic of secondary syphilis.
"Although reductions in genital warts are an important early marker of vaccine effectiveness, reductions in cervical dysplasia and cancers are far more important vaccine-related outcomes," Dr.
Many treatment options (topical, systemic, or surgical) can be used for genital warts, but there has been no single specific and satisfying therapy [3-5].