genicular arteries

ge·nic·u·lar ar·ter·ies

ge·nic·u·lar ar·te·ries

(jĕ-nik'yū-lăr ahr'tĕr-ēz)
Arteries contributing to the articular network of the knee.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therapeutic embolization of the genicular arteries for recurrent hemarthrosis after total knee arthroplasty.
The sural artery was the predominant collateral in occlusions below the knee, while the genicular arteries were important in suprageniculate occlusion.
The genicular arteries are the branches of the femoral and popliteal arteries (PA) which have six kinds of branches, the descending genicular artery, the superior medial genicular artery (SMGA), the superior lateral genicular artery (SLGA), the middle genicular artery (MGA), the inferior medial genicular artery (IMGA) and the inferior lateral genicular artery (ILGA).
Identification of the genicular arteries: In this study, 42 lower limbs (in 22 cadavers, 22 right and 20 left) were dissected.
The superior genicular arteries branch from the popliteal artery and curve around the condyles anteriorly.
Care should also be taken to avoid incising the superior lateral and medial genicular arteries as they branch off the popliteal artery proximal to the femoral condyles and travel anteriorly to supply the patella.
In addition to these vessels, there is also anastomosis with descending genicular arteries, and with the anterior tibial recurrent artery, and all of these vessels originate from either the femoral/popliteal artery.
The menisci are supplied via the inferior and superior lateral and medial genicular arteries, although the supply is not equal to all of the meniscal tissues.
Therapeutic embolisation of the genicular arteries for recurrent hemarthrosis after total knee arthroplasty.
In the upper part of the fossa, the lateral and medial superior genicular arteries arise from the popliteal artery, while the middle genicular artery arises behind the knee joint.
[4] suggested that the pulling and laceration into the branches of the genicular arteries supplying the peripheral rim of the lateral meniscus might be the direct cause of the hemorrhage into the joint.
In our study we found that NPV (96%) of color Doppler examination of inferior genicular arteries are high suggesting that presence of normal color flow and normal spectral wave form in these arteries may exclude the need of arteriography.