Patterns of variability and gene flow
in Medicago citrine, an endangered endemic of islands in the western Mediterranean, as revealed by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP).
), tagging data can elucidate those movements that are a regular behavioral pattern and not associated with gene flow
We suggest that estimates of gene flow
and population sub-structure from the widespread species B.
On the other hand, gene flow
between populations also can lead to outbreeding depression; the reduction of fitness following intraspecific hybridization between individuals from spatially separated genetic sources (Barrett and Kohn, 1991).
On the other hand, the reproductive strategy, which includes a pelagic larva would guarantee, in the absence of geographic barriers or restrictive oceanic currents, greater larval dispersal and thus greater gene flow
. This might however diminish variability in the population structure (Strathmann 1986, Hunt 1993, Palumbi, 1994, Kyle & Boulding 2000, Collin 2001, Hellberg et al.
Third, we investigated patterns of gene flow
to determine if the Sumgayit region is acting as an ecological sink.
The objectives of this study were to investigate the crop-to-crop gene flow
in Sorghum bicolor subsp.
Led by microbiology graduate student Philip Arevalo, the researchers developed a metric of gene flow
that they called PopCOGenT (Populations as Clusters Of Gene Transfer).
from crops or uncultivated populations derived from them can alter the pharmacological status of recipient, non-narcotic populations (e.g., Ellstrand et al., 2014).
Long distance gene flow
, however, may be limited to some disperser types or the presence of fragments or isolated individuals that facilitate dispersal between patches (Fuchs & Hamrick, 2011).
Genetic diversity, genetic differentiation and gene flow
(Nm) of Wenzhou and Dongshan population was much lower among others.