According to the newly-revised version of the International Classification of Diseases (known as ICD-11), published by the WHO, 'gender identity disorders
' have been reframed as 'gender incongruence.' Gender nonconformity is now included in a chapter on sexual health, rather than being listed with 'mental disorders' as was the case previously.
According to the newly-revised version of the International Classification of Diseases (known as ICD-11), published by the WHO, "gender identity disorders
" have been reframed as "gender incongruence." Gender nonconformity is now included in a chapter on sexual health, rather than being listed with "mental disorders" as was the case previously.
Those with other gender identity disorders
were not considered for this study.
(2) This exclusion--commonly referred to as the "GID Exclusion"--ensured that "transsexualism" and "gender identity disorders
not resulting from physical impairments" were not considered a "disability" under the ADA.
Drescher, who served as a member of the American Psychiatric Association's DSM-5 Work Group on Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders
The experience of distress and dysfunction is considered a defining characteristic of mental illness and in the 10 revision of the ICD, called (http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/bluebook.pdf) ICD-10 , WHO lists "Transsexualism," "Dual-role transvestism," and "Gender identity disorder
of childhood" as specific illnesses, while having two other sweeping categories labeled "Other gender identity disorders
" and "Gender identity disorder
, unspecified." The handbook also provides diagnostic guidelines for these disorders.
And they uncovered several previously unknown risk factors for diabetes, including a history of sexual and gender identity disorders
, intestinal infections, and a category of illnesses that includes such sexually transmitted diseases as chlamydia.
[although] milder gender identity disorders
can be treated without resort to psychotherapy, hormone treatment, or sex reassignment therapy.").
The Tavistock and Portman NHS Trust, the only specialist centre in the UK for children with gender identity disorders
, has seen referrals in under-11s rise from 19 in 2009, to 77 in 2014.
The category was relabeled "sexual and gender identity disorders
" in the 1994 publication of the DSM-IV and the 2000 revision--DSM-IV--TR still included "sexual disorder not otherwise specified- 302.9" under the Gender Identity Disorders
A comprehensive program for children with gender variant behaviors and gender identity disorders
. Journal of Flomosexuality, 59(3), 357-368.
Harry Benjamin reports in the Standards of Care for Gender Identity Disorders
, Sixth Version, that FtM transsexuals tend to "be relatively invisible to culture, particularly to mental health professionals and scientists" (Meyer et al., 2001, p.