gegenhalten

gegenhalten

 [ga″gen-hahlt´en] (Ger.)
an involuntary resistance to passive movement as may occur in cerebral cortical disorders.
Involuntary ('active') resistance to passive movement, that increases with velocity of movement and continues through the full arc of motion; gegenhalten may be due to diffuse forebrain dysfunction, as occurs in anterior cerebral artery occlusion—‘arteriosclerotic parkinsonism’—or pseudoparkinsonism, and may be accompanied by grasp reflex

gegenhalten

Neurology Involuntary resistance to passive movement, that ↑ with velocity of movement and continues through the full arc of motion; gegenhalten may be due to diffuse forebrain dysfunction, as occurs in anterior cerebral artery occlusion–'arteriosclerotic parkinsonism' or pseudoparkinsonism, and may be accompanied by the grasp reflex. Cf Clasp-knife phenomenon, Cogwheel rigidity.

ge·gen·halt·en

(gā'gen-hahlt-en)
German (with a capital G, as with all German nouns) for counterpressure, the term is nonetheless used in English to describe a certain type of neurologic or muscular opposition to resistance associated with various catatonic states.
References in periodicals archive ?
Por ello, en el analisis de los casos que compartan este tipo de diagnostico, deben tomar peso sintomas <<duros>> como la flexibilidad cerea, la catalepsia, el mitgehen, el gegenhalten y la obediencia automatica.
En el caso de que se presenten ambas condiciones concomitantemente, es importante centrarse en los sintomas <<duros>>, como flexibilidad cerea, catalepsia, mitgehen o gegenhalten, para evitar confusiones entre el delirum hipoactivo y la catatonia.
The presence or absence of gegenhalten (paratonic rigidity) was noted during irregular passive extension and flexion of the elbow and wrist joints.
Disequilibrium, short-stepping gait, gegenhalten, primitive reflexes and apraxia were more common in AD patients.
Gait features and associated findings in patients with AD and controls Patients with AD Controls No.(%) (n = 55) No.(%) (n = 55) Disequilibrium mild 23 (42) 17 (31) moderate 8 (15) 3 (5) severe 1 (2) 0 (0) any 32 (58) 20 (36)(*) Gait ignition failure 9 (16) 2 (4) Wide-based gait 17 (31) 8 (15) Short-stepping gait 19 (35) 9 (16)(*) Gegenhalten 10 (18) 1 (2)(*) Primitive reflex (any) 7 (13) 1 (2) Webster score > 5 13 (24) 2 (4)(*) Median (range) apraxia score Lower limb 1 (0-3) 0 (0-1) Total 3 (0-8) 0 (0-5)(*) (*) p < 0.05 (McNemar's test or Wilcoxon signed rank test).
(14,29) If the diagnosis is not obvious, it might be suspected in the presence of >1 of posturing, automatic obedience, or waxy flexibility, or >2 of echopraxia/echolalia, gegenhalten, negativism, mitgehen, or stereotypy/vergiberation.
Algunos de estos otros signos clasicamente descritos, como la obediencia automatica, la paratonia o rigidez (gegenhalten) y la ambitendencia o expresion simultanea de conductas opuestas, con frecuencia no se evaluan, aun cuando exista la sospecha de catatonia.
Examination reveals oppositional paratonia (gegenhalten), catalepsy, prominent negativism, and waxy flexibility, all suggestive of catatonia.