an involuntary resistance to passive movement as may occur in cerebral cortical disorders.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
gegenhaltenNeurology Involuntary resistance to passive movement, that ↑ with velocity of movement and continues through the full arc of motion; gegenhalten may be due to diffuse forebrain dysfunction, as occurs in anterior cerebral artery occlusion–'arteriosclerotic parkinsonism' or pseudoparkinsonism, and may be accompanied by the grasp reflex. Cf Clasp-knife phenomenon, Cogwheel rigidity.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
German (with a capital G, as with all German nouns) for counterpressure, the term is nonetheless used in English to describe a certain type of neurologic or muscular opposition to resistance associated with various catatonic states.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012