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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.


any thing properly presented to a court which will assist it to make a decision in a case. Testimony is evidence given orally.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
DEFENCE Titus Bramble gave evidence GUILTY Tesfaye Bramble denied raping the 19-year-old after a night out in Newcastle
Adjourning sentence, Judge Simon Hammond stressed Bates's lie did not affect the outcome of cases where he gave evidence.
Mr Beith commented: "He gave her the impression she was being punished because she gave evidence.
Mr Justice Potts earlier said Archer was a man of good character, and had been in 1987 when he swore the affidavit and gave evidence at his libel case in which he was awarded pounds 500,000 damages against the Daily Star after it alleged he had sex with prostitute Monica Coghlan.
David Beaton, 21, ran from the witness box because he was "fearful" of the teenager's three brutal killers, although he eventually gave evidence reluctantly.
Helen Allison, 52, has lodged a complaint with Strathclyde police over allegations that she was threatened and offered bribes two days before she gave evidence.
Violent pimp turned supergrass `Turbo' Tommy Hay gave evidence against corrupt PC Graham Brown hoping for a reduced sentence.
The Lord Chancellor was yesterday rebuked by a Commons committee over the disciplining of a 'whistle-blower' who gave evidence to MPs about the failings of an official child protection agency.
Mr McArdle said: "He was given assurances from Miss Cartwright's legal representatives that he would enjoy the full protection of the law if he gave evidence.
In some cases, expert witnesses will be allowed to give testimony to explain why someone with a difficulty gave evidence in the way they did.
Tony Hammond, from Roscrea, Co Tipperary, gave evidence in a civil case against Noel Cremin at Cork Circuit Court.
The High Court in London heard how Mr Pearson later admitted he had written to former Virgin consultant programme director Ian Grace three weeks before he gave evidence to the contrary.