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(1) Information, including verifiable facts and data that support a practice or belief.

Evidence for Interferon Dose Effect: European-North American Comparative Efficacy. A clinical trial comparing 2 formulations of interferon beta-1a—Avonex and Rebif—in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Rebif was approved by the FDA based on its “clear superiority” in the EVIDENCE trial.


In forensic medicine, all the tangible items and record materials pertinent to the legal considerations.

anecdotal evidence

Evidence based on anecdotes arising from the analysis of individual clinical cases, rather than the study of scientifically randomized groups of patients. Such evidence may be true or false, but it is always unreliable because it is based on hearsay, faulty reasoning, or other cause.

material evidence

In medicolegal considerations, such things as facts, medical records, documents, or expert testimony that are important to proving or disproving matters of dispute.

Patient discussion about evidence

Q. Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question? Can acupuncture help reduce the pain in fibromyalgia? Is there any clinical evidence to support to my question?

A. Yes, acupuncture therapy can reduce the fatigue, widespread pain and sleep problems associated with fibromyalgia. If acupuncture can be used in place of pain reliever then its good as the side effect associated with pain relievers are reduced.

Q. Are vitamins really helpful? Last week some guy in the mall tried to sell me pills of “multi vitamins” and told me that these vitamins will protect my heart and brain. I told him that I never heard of such things, but he kept claiming that many researches and studies proved that vitamins are very helpful - is it true?

A. Regardless of whether they would make you immortal (or just impoverished ? ) you should consult your doctor before you start to take any medications (including herbs and vitamins), since they may interfere with medications your doctor prescribed you.

Q. Is it really working? My boyfriend practice Chinese medicine and he always advocate Chinese medicine and brings many examples in which regular medicine failed for many years and one treatment of acupuncture cured the problem. I know it sounds convincing, but maybe these stories are misleading? I find it hard to believe in this meridian thing. It seems just like an old and out-of-date theory. What do you think?

A. As a successful practicing doctor of Chinese medicine I can tell you this: it doesn't matter what a patient believes if the diagnosis and treatment is correct. I treat patients every day who benefit from treatment as seen by objective sign and symptom changes. I am not providing new-age this or that, or ambient music, or BS talk. It's a standardized form of medicine with a complete theory at its foundation. Those who say otherwise are uneducated, inexperienced, and full of empty speculative opinions. This is real clinical experience talking, having worked and practiced in 5 clinics with vastly different patient demographics.

More discussions about evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
Meanwhile, Ms Bickerstaff 's mother Dorothy Sparks, her daughter Rachel Bickerstaff and two sisters Yvette and Sharon Sparks gave evidence.
Unite gave evidence to the Health Committee early this year, stating that a failure to reduce health inequalities was a 'tragedy' for public health, and that health visiting and early intervention could reduce inequalities.
Lee Forde, former events manager, who gave evidence yesterday
"I commend the residents who gave evidence and would urge any other residents experiencing similar problems to come forward in the knowledge that Sandwell Council will not tolerate the minority making life miserable for the majority of law-abiding people."
``My heart goes out to the other ladies who gave evidence - we have all been through hell.''
Nurse Lee eventually gave evidence, claiming Michael Jackson told her "that doctors had told him it is safe, and he would not have a problem".
The victim, now 20, gave evidence from behind a screen in court and the jury was also played DVDs of interviews she gave to specially-trained police.
Adjourning sentence, Judge Simon Hammond stressed Bates's lie did not affect the outcome of cases where he gave evidence.
The research focused on 50 young witnesses aged between seven and 17 who gave evidence in court, most in sexual offence cases.
A volunteer sat with her while she gave evidence and she was given support afterwards.