gateway drugs


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gate·way drugs

(gātwā drŭgz)
The concept that the use of less addictive drugs such as marijuana can lead to the use of harder drugs such as cocaine and heroin.
References in periodicals archive ?
</URL>The origin of the claim appears to be a Reddit user who, in 2016, noticed marijuana was not listed along with tobacco and alcohol under the headline, "What is a gateway drug?" on a page issued by D.A.R.E., PolitiFact said.
Studies should be conducted of stepparenting practices that serve to stabilize family relations and minimize adolescent experimentation with gateway drugs. Research into home environment factors related to cognitive motivations for drug initiation could illuminate contextual variables operating within stepfamilies that encourage adolescents to experiment with drugs and associate with drug-using peers.
Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was determined for the measures of composite gateway drug use and friends' gateway drug use (Cronbach, 1951).
Using a traditional group-difference approach, the relationship of family structure to adolescent gateway drug use, affiliation with drug-using peers, and perception of peer attitudes toward drug use was investigated.
For grades 8 and 10, the stepfamily group showed more frequent overall gateway drug use and beer consumption, and the father-headed single-parent group showed more frequent cigarette and marijuana smoking, than did the intact-family group.
Yet, several potential psychosocial and neuropharmacologic causal mechanisms promote tobacco's gateway drug function.
Perhaps the most simple explanation for tobacco's gateway drug function involves what teen-agers learn when they smoke cigarettes.
A number of other social/behavioral models explain the social dynamics of tobacco's gateway drug function.
Self-reported gateway drug involvement, with alpha reliabilities ranging from .78 (grade 12) to .85 (grade 10) for the composite variable, was assessed by one item for each of five entry level substances (cigarettes, marijuana, beer, wine cooler, and liquor).
Friends' gateway drug involvement was assessed with a six-item scale comprised of questions requesting students to report the number of close friends' involvement with cigarettes, marijuana, beer, wine coolers, and liquor.
Consistent with prior research, the strongest correlate of gateway drug use across all grade levels was affiliation with drug-using friends (r = .52 at grade 8, r = .63 at grade 10, and r = .56 at grade 12).

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