gastroscopy


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gastroscopy

 [gas-tros´kah-pe]
inspection of the interior of the stomach with a gastroscope.
Patient Care. For 6 to 8 hours prior to the examination the patient is not allowed to take any food or liquids by mouth. The stomach should be empty during the procedure to facilitate inspection of its lining and to avoid vomiting and aspiration of liquids into the lungs.

A sedative is given 30 minutes to 1 hour before the examination. The patient is awake during the procedure, which is not painful but is uncomfortable and exhausting. The sedatives help relieve apprehension and fear so that the patient can be more cooperative during the examination.

A local anesthetic such as cocaine or tetracaine (Pontocaine) is sprayed on the posterior pharynx to depress the gag reflex and reduce local reaction to the passage of the gastroscope. The patient is watched for toxic reaction to these drugs, and an emergency tray containing an airway, barbiturates, and epinephrine must be readily available.

After the procedure is completed the patient should be provided with rest and an opportunity to sleep. Foods and liquids are withheld until the gag reflex returns (usually about 4 hours). During the first two hours after gastroscopy the patient's vital signs should be checked periodically, especially if biopsies have been taken during the procedure and there is danger of bleeding.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gas·tros·co·py

(gas-tros'kŏ-pē),
Inspection of the interior of the stomach through an endoscope.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

gastroscopy

The examination of the mucosal surface of the stomach by an upper GI endoscope.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

gastroscopy

Gastric endoscopy GI disease An internal examination of the stomach using a gastroscope passed through the mouth and esophagus
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

gas·tros·co·py

(gas-tros'kŏ-pē)
Inspection of the inner surface of the stomach through an endoscope.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

gastroscopy

Direct visual examination of the inside of the stomach. This is done when barium X-ray reveals an ulcer, so that malignancy can be excluded by BIOPSY. The healing of ulcers can also be confirmed by gastroscopy. Various treatments can also be performed by gastroscopy. These include the injection of adrenaline around a bleeding ulcer to constrict the blood vessels.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Gastroscopy

Looking into the stomach with a flexible viewing instrument called a gastroscope.
Mentioned in: Duodenal Obstruction
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gas·tros·co·py

(gas-tros'kŏ-pē)
Inspection of the interior of the stomach through an endoscope.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Answers would come at the gastroscopy and CT-PET scan stage in six weeks, a long time to wait.
More than one gastroscopy in the same patient combined with the simultaneous histological evaluation of H.
Compared with gastroscopy, EUS is more valuable for the diagnosis of gastric submucosal lesions due to its improved imaging of gut wall and surrounding structures.
Taking enteric-coated aspirin by the patient, mostly having cardiocerebrovascular disease or combining cardiopulmonary disease, is a relative contraindication to undertake gastroscopy under light or conscious sedation.
A 4-year-old girl (Height: 100.5 cm; weight: 15 kg) who had cereal 3 hours prior to presentation underwent a gastroscopy for the removal of a pebble that is the size of 1 euro coin that she has ingested 4 hours prior to presentation.
At a second look gastroscopy, six months later, we managed to endoscopically remove two smaller polyps near the ampulla of Vater.
In the diagnosis of annular pancreas, investigations including gastroscopy, barium X-ray, computerized tomography (CT), MRI, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and endoscopic ultrasonography are used (5).
Results: All patients successfully underwent the transnasal gastroscopy. There were 57 males and 43 females in the nitrous oxide inhalation group with an average age of 43.11+-8.27 years.
Participant 4 gave the most accurate description by resorting to a lengthy explanation: Gastroscopy timi cu chungril lei kha kan kaa lei inkhan kan chunglei kha zeibantuk dah um timi kha zohnak ah hmanmi camera bantuk asi ('Gastroscopy is intestine part there from our mouth to our internal/inside of our body, what is it and which caused problems there checker, tester or like a camera').
Gastroscopy is a valuable tool for diagnosing intermittent vomiting, gastric cancer and removing foreign objects (Antonin et al, 1991).
pylori-positive patients: 99 index subjects (symptomatic) and 126 family members diagnosed by SAT screening and histological examination by gastroscopy. Of these, 103 patients (81.7%) were considered slightly symptomatic (mild clinical history until then not important enough to perform further diagnostic study) and 23 patients (18.3%) were totally asymptomatic.
In addition, it offers gastroscopy for ulcers and high level dental care.