gastroplegia


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Related to gastroplegia: eukinesia, apyrogenic, transacylation, skelalgia

gastroparesis

 [gas″tro-pah-re´sis]
paralysis of the stomach; called also gastroparalysis and gastroplegia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gastroparesis

Partial paralysis of gastric smooth muscle, resulting in retention of food.

Aetiology
Autonomic neuropathy due to diabetes, gastric surgery, vagal nerve damage, viral infections, medications (e.g., anticholinergics and narcotics), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD/GORD), smooth muscle disease (amyloidosis, scleroderma), metabolic disease (e.g. hypothyroidism).

Clinical findings
Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite, gastric muscle spasms, variable glucose levels.

Diagnosis
Upper GI endoscopy, ultrasonography, radio contrast studies, gastric emptying scintigraphy, breath test, Smart Pill.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The postoperative course was uneventful, except for a transient gastroplegia and wound infection.