gastrointestinal bleeding


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Related to gastrointestinal bleeding: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding

gastrointestinal bleeding

any bleeding from the GI tract. The most common underlying conditions are peptic ulcer, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, esophageal varices, diverticulosis, ulcerative colitis, and carcinoma of the stomach and colon. Vomiting of bright red blood or passage of coffee ground vomitus indicates upper GI bleeding, usually from the esophagus, stomach, or upper duodenum. Aspiration of the gastric contents, lavage, and endoscopy are performed to determine the site and rate of bleeding. Tarry black stools indicate a bleeding source in the upper GI tract; bright red blood from the rectum usually indicates bleeding in the distal colon. GI bleeding is treated as a potential emergency. Patients may require transfusions, fluid replacement, endoscopic treatment, or gastric lavage and are watched carefully so as to prevent shock and hypovolemia. In all patients blood loss is evaluated and ability to coagulate is tested. See also coffee-ground vomitus, hematochezia, melena.

gastrointestinal bleeding

Any hemorrhage into the GI tract lumen, from esophagus–eg, from ruptured esophageal varices, to anus–eg from hemorrhoids

gastrointestinal bleeding

Bleeding from anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract.
Synonym: gastrointestinal hemorrhage
See also: bleeding
References in periodicals archive ?
Pathan NF, El-Fanek H (2006) A 70-year-old man with episodes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
Use of calcium channel blockers and risk of hospitalized gastrointestinal bleeding.
Comparison of wireless capsule endoscopy (M2A[TM]) with push enteroscopy in the evaluation of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding.
Acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding - experience of a tertiary care center in southern India.
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients on long-term oral anticoagulation therapy: endoscopic findings, clinical management and outcome.
Key clinical point: Menopausal hormone therapy is associated with an increased risk of major gastrointestinal bleeding, particularly in the lower gastrointestinal tract.
CONCLUSION: Cystic artery pseudo aneurysms remain a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
The researchers analyzed 114,835 cases of upper gastrointestinal bleeding, including all gastroduodenal ulcers and hemorrhages extracted from seven electronic health record databases from the Netherlands, Italy, and Denmark.
The study was aimed at determining the most common etiology, diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy and the outcome of disease in patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
Lower gastrointestinal bleeding although common is usually self limited; so that adequate time is available for diagnosis with careful history and physical examination 5 along with colonscopic findings and histopathological confirmation 6.
Frozen section from the mass was consistent with metastatic RCC, pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed subsequently due to obstruction over duodenum and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Your doctor may recommend capsule endoscopy to help diagnose obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, inflammatory bowel diseases, cancer, coeliac disease and polyps.

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