gastrin


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Related to gastrin: enterogastrone, somatostatin, secretin

gastrin

 [gas´trin]
a polypeptide hormone secreted by certain cells of the pyloric glands, which strongly stimulates secretion of gastric acid and pepsin, and weakly stimulates secretion of pancreatic enzymes and gallbladder contraction.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

gastrin

(găs′trĭn)
n.
A hormone secreted by glands in the mucous membrane of the stomach that stimulates the production of gastric juice.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

gastrin

A peptide hormone secreted by the stomach on the stimulus of the sight, smell or contemplation of food. The hormone is released into the blood. The entry of protein into the stomach stimulates even more gastrin production and this hormone returns to the stomach to stimulate the production of acid and pepsin (GASTRIC JUICE) from the cells of the stomach lining (gastric mucosa).
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

gastrin

a hormone produced by gastrin cells of the pyloric gland, which induces gastric secretion.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Gastrin

A hormone secreted in the stomach that is involved in the production of gastric acid. Overproduction of gastric acid contributes to peptic ulcer formation.
Mentioned in: Gastrinoma, Ulcer Surgery
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gastrin is known to be the most potent mucosal growth factor in the gastrointestinal tract and possibly also effective in the bronchial mucosa.
Serum gastrin concentration and changes in G and D cell densities in gastric antrum in children with chronic gastritis.
Synergistic action of gastrin and ghrelin on gastric acid secretion in rats.
The development of hypochlorhydria due to the loss of parietal cells leads to an increase in gastrin levels.
The syndrome results from increased secretion of the hormone gastrin by duodenal or pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, known as gastrinomas [1-4].
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and transforming growth factor-[beta]1 (TGF-[beta]1) (indicators of inflammation) as well as gastrin and motilin (indicators of gastrointestinal dynamics) levels were mea- sured in blood that was collected 7 days after surgery.
Researches done on hormonal control mainly concentrated on Gastrin, an antral acid stimulating hormone.
Bu bulgular esliginde olasi Zollinger Ellison tanisi acisindan laboratuar incelemesine gastrin de eklendi.
(2008) Sexually dimorphic gastrin releasing peptide system in the spinal cord controls male reproductive functions.
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome: Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is a disorder characterized by excessive secretion of gastrin hormone.
The flavor stimulates saliva production in your mouth and also triggers the production of gastrin, a hormone that tells your stomach to produce gastric acid.