Kimmey et al., "Bleeding from gastric antral vascular ectasia in marrow transplant patients," Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vol.
Sakamoto et al., "Post-transplant gastric antral vascular ectasia after intra-venous busulfan regimen," International Journal of Hematology, vol.
EV: esophageal varices; PHG: portal hypertensive gastropathy; GAVE: gastric antral vascular ectasia
. Table 3: Relationship of portal hypertensive gastropathy severity with different variables.
Nguyen H, Le C, Nguyen H (2009) Gastric antral vascular ectasia (Watermelon stomach): an enigmatic and often-overlooked cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in the elderly.
Wang J, Stine J, Cornella S, Argo C, Cohn S (2015) Patients with gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) are at a higher risk of gastrointestinal bleeding in the absence of cirrhosis.
The case report describing Everolimus described gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE); however we present a unique case in a patient with life-threatening gastrointestinal bleeding not consistent with GAVE.
In two previous case reports, antineoplastic chemotherapy with an mTOR-based regimen was associated with gastric bleeding consistent with gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE).
Gastric antral vascular ectasia
(GAVE or watermelon stomach) is a rare cause of UGI bleeding.
Gastric antral vascular ectasia is a vascular gastropathy that may cause severe iron-deficiency anemia secondary to chronic antral hemorrhage.
Gastric antral vascular ectasia may be diagnosed incidentally at the time of endoscopy, or occasionally, the patient may present with anemia secondary to chronic blood loss.
Since ectatic vessels secondary to chronic radiation proctitis present features similar to gastric antral vascular ectasia, RFA has also been tested in the treatment of GAVE as follows.
Searches included combinations of the keywords "GAVE," "gastric antral vascular ectasia," or "antral vascular ectasia" with one or more of the following in both the title and/or the abstract: "thermal ablation," "radiofrequency ablation," "ablation," "RFA," "HALO," or "Barrx".